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Nove lastnosti kmetijskih rastlin pridobljene s preurejanjem genoma
Dinkovska, Mila (Author), Jakše, Jernej (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Potreba po alternativnih virih hrane je v zadnjih 100 letih dosegla svoj vrhunec. Ob vse večji rasti prebivalstva na tem planetu je edino logično, da so se potrebe znatno povečale po primarni kmetijski pridelavi poljščin, kot so krompir, pšenica ali riž. S pomočjo genomskega preurejanja lahko zagotovimo zadostno količino zdravih, naravno gojenih rastlin, ki lahko zadovoljijo potrebe trga. Z vnosom endogenih sekvenc v rastlinskem genomu lahko naredimo rastlino, ki je odporna na herbicide, daje večja zrna oz. pridelek itd. Urejanje genomov je zelo priročno, novo orodje v genskem inženiringu. Rastlinski pridelek, ki ima izboljšane lastnosti, vendar ni urejen kot GSO, je rastlina, ki jo potrošniki dobro sprejemajo in je na trgu uspešna.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:genski inženiring, kmetijske rastline, gensko spremenjeni organizmi, izboljšane lastnosti
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2020
Publisher:[M. Dinkovska]
UDC:606:631.528(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:38389763 This link opens in a new window
Views:221
Downloads:63
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:New traits of agricultural crops gained with genetic engineering
Abstract:
The need for alternative sources of food has definitely reached its peak in the last 100 years. With the increasing growth of the population on this planet , its only logical that the need for primary agricultural foods such as potato, wheat or rice has notably risen. With the help of genome editing we can ensure a sufficient amount of healthy, naturally grown crop plants that can satisfy everyone’s need for food. With the introduction of endogenous sequences into the plant's genome, we can make a plant that is herbicide tolerant , pesticide tolerant , gives larger grains etc. Genome editing is a very handy tool in genetic engineering. A plant crop that has improved traits but is not regulated as GMO, is a plant that will be accepted by consumers and thrive well on the market.

Keywords:gene engineering, agricultural crop plants, genetically modified organisms, enhanced traits

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