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Načini zatiranja peronospore vinske trte (Plasmopara viticola(Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Berl. & De Toni in Succ.) v različnih načinih pridelave grozdja
Velikanje, Urban (Author), Rusjan, Denis (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V diplomskem delu smo opisali različne načine zatiranja peronospore vinske trte (Plasmopara viticola) v integrirani, ekološki in biodinamični pridelavi grozdja. Peronospora povzroča veliko gospodarsko škodo v vinogradništvu, saj ko je leto ugodno za razvoj peronospore, le-ta ob nepravilnem zatiranju popolnoma uniči pridelek. V preteklosti in še vedno danes, se predvsem v ekološki pridelavi, se zoper peronosporo uporablja bakrove fungicide. Baker se kot težka kovina kopiči v tleh, kar ima negativne vplive na okolje. V integrirani pridelavi se kot bakrena pripravka lahko uporabljata Cuprablau Z35 WP in Cuprablau Z35 WG, v biodinamični pridelavi pa peronosporo zatirajo z različnimi pripravki označenimi z številkami od 500 do 508. Zaradi vedno večjega zavedanja o onesnaževanju okolja se trudimo, da bi vsebnost bakra v okolju zmanjšali. Znanstveniki iščejo rešitve v drugih pripravkih, ki ne vsebujejo bakra ali pa je ta v manjši količini. Iz različnih rastlin pridobivajo ekstrakte, katerih učinkovitost preizkušajo na trti. Nekatere tovrstne pripravke že poskušajo v ekološki, še posebej pa v biodinamični pridelavi. Poskusi potekajo tudi z mikroorganizmi in z gojenjem tolerantnih sort vinske trte. Zato se v prihodnosti pričakuje, da bomo na splošno uporabljali manj fitofarmacevtskih sredstev, predvsem bakrenih, veliko upanja se polaga tudi v nove tolerantne sorte.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:peronospora, vinska trta, integrirana pridelava, varstvo
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2020
Publisher:[U. Velikanje]
UDC:634.8:632.4:632.93(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:27880451 Link is opened in a new window
Views:17
Downloads:5
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Control manners of downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola(Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Berl. & De Toni in Succ.) at different grape productions
Abstract:
In the degree thesis, we describe different managements for the control of downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) according to integrated, ecological and biodynamic production. Downy mildew causes great economic damage in viticulture, especially in the vintages with suitable conditions for the fungi, when it can damage the entire yield, if it is not treated correctly. In the past and still nowadays, especially in the ecological viticulture, the copper fungicides are used against downy mildew. Copper, as a heavy metal, accumulates in soil causing negative impact on the environment. In the integrated pest management, the copper fungicides Cuprablau Z35 WP and Cuprablau Z35 WG are used mostly, while in the biodynamic production the downy mildew control is conducted with various preparations marked with numbers from 500 to 508. Due to the knowledge regarding the negative impact of copper to the environment, we are trying to reduce the use of copper. Scientists are trying to find a new mixture without or with limited quantities of copper. From various plants they obtain extracts which efficiency is tested on vines. Different plant extracts are already used in ecological, but especially in biodynamic viticulture. Studies are conducted also with the microorganisms and on growing of tolerant grapevine varieties. In the next future, the use of pesticides, especially those with copper, will be minor and great efforts are given to tolerant varieties.

Keywords:downy mildew, grapevine, integrated pest managment, control manners

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