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Dobrobit konj pri reji v individualnih in skupinskih boksih
Mulej, Andreja (Author), Zupan Šemrov, Manja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Glede na število konj, ki jih uhlevljamo skupaj, poznamo individualne in skupinske sisteme. Vsak od teh sistemov različno vpliva na to, v kolikšni meri lahko konji zadovoljijo etološko pomembne lastnosti. Posledica tega je, da omenjena tipa uhlevitve različno vplivata na počutje konj, na njihovo zdravstveno stanje in možnost nastanka anomalij v obnašanju. Namen diplomske naloge je bil kritično oceniti individualno in skupinsko uhlevitev konj z vidika počutja živali. Pri tem smo uporabili koncept petih pravic živali in protokol AWIN za oceno dobrobiti konj. Zadrževanje konj v skupinah najbolje izpopolnjuje njihove fizične in vedenjske potrebe, zlasti potrebe po socialnem kontaktu, zato je pomanjkanje socialnih stikov lahko eden izmed ključnih stresnih dejavnikov, ki so prisotni v individualni reji konj. Manjša površina, na katero so omejeni individualno uhlevljeni konji, lahko onemogoča zadovoljevanje potreb po zadostnem gibanju. V skupini dveh ali več konj je prisotna socialna hierarhija, ki je potrebna za večjo stabilnost znotraj črede. Zaradi pogoste prostorske omejitve v reji se podrejeni konji velikokrat ne morejo ustrezno umakniti na varno razdaljo, zato takšna situacija pogosto privede do poškodb, ki so posledica agresivnih socialnih interakcij, s katerimi se vzpostavlja in vzdržuje hierarhija. Niže uvrščeni konji so zaradi socialne dominance lahko prikrajšani, da bi v celoti zadovoljili potrebe po krmi, vodi, zavetju ali ustreznem počitku, kar je značilno za skupinske reje. Do tovrstnih situacij prihaja predvsem v skupinskih sistemih, kjer imajo konji omejene vire krme, premalo napajalnih ali krmilnih mest, premajhno zavetje ali pa premalo mest za počitek. Zaradi pomanjkanja socialnih kontaktov in gibanja lahko individualna reja predstavlja večje tveganje za nastanek motenj v obnašanju, kot so hlapanje, požiranje zraka, tkanje in stereotipna hoja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:konji, uhlevitev, individualni sistemi, skupinski sistemi, etologija, dobrobit živali
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:27322371 Link is opened in a new window
Views:86
Downloads:39
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Welfare of horses in individual and group housing
Abstract:
Depending on the number of horses kept together, individual and group housing systems have been developed. Each of these systems has a specific effect on the extent to which horses can satisfy ethologically important traits. Consequently these systems have different impact on the horse welfare, particularly, on their health and the possibility to perform behavioural abnormalities. The purpose of the BSc thesis is to critically evaluate individual and group housing of horses considering their welfare. We used the concept of five animal rights and the AWIN assessment protocol to do this evaluation. Keeping horses in groups, best refines their physical and behavioural needs, in particular the need for social contact, so the lack of social contacts may be one of the key stressors present in individual horse breeding. The smaller area to which individually housed horses are limited may make it also difficult to meet the needs for sufficient movement. In a group of two or more horses, a social hierarchy is present, which is necessary for improved cohesion within the herd. Due to the frequent space constraints, subordinate horses are often unable to withdraw properly to a safe distance and such a situation often leads to injuries resulting from the aggressive social interactions with which the hierarchy is established and maintained. In group housing, lower-ranking horses may be disadvantaged by social dominance to fully satisfy their needs for food, water, shelter, or adequate rest. Such situations occur mainly in group systems, where horses have limited feed resources, insufficient water or feeding places, too little shelter or too few places to rest. Due to the lack of social contacts and movement, individual housing can represents a higher risk for the behavioural abnormalities such as cribbing, wind-sucking, weaving and self-mutilation.

Keywords:horses, housing, individual systems, group systems, ethology, animal welfare

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