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Norme za vrednotenje kondicijske pripravljenosti mladih odbojkarjev in odbojkaric : magistrsko delo
ID Pergovnik, Vita (Author), ID Zadražnik, Marko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Leskošek, Bojan (Comentor)

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Abstract
Temeljni namen magistrskega dela je bil izdelava norm za vrednotenje telesne in gibalne pripravljenosti slovenskih odbojkarjev in odbojkaric, starih 14 in 15 let. Cilj magistrskega dela je bil ugotoviti, ali prihaja pri izbranih meritvah telesnih razsežnosti in gibalnih sposobnosti do razlik med igralci, ki so bili kasneje iz regijskih reprezentanc izbrani v državne reprezentance in tistimi, ki niso bili. V vzorec je bilo vključenih 356 odbojkarjev in 363 odbojkaric, ki so se v letih od 2015 do vključno 2019 udeležili Turnirja regijskih reprezentanc. Vzorec spremenljivk so predstavljale 3 merske naloge za oceno telesnih razsežnosti in 10 merskih nalog za oceno gibalnih sposobnosti. Za urejanje in obdelavo podatkov smo uporabili Excel in IBM SPSS Statistics. Norme za vrednotenje rezultatov meritev smo izrazili s centili, za ugotavljanje razlik glede na kasnejše članstvo v državni reprezentanci pa smo uporabili t-test za neodvisne vzorce. Izdelane norme lahko uporabimo kot model za vrednotenje posameznikovega potenciala v tej starostni kategoriji. Trenerju in igralcu omogočajo vpogled v to, kje v Sloveniji se posameznik nahaja glede na najboljše 14- oziroma 15-letnike. V povprečnih vrednostih dosegajo igralci in igralke, ki so bili iz regijskih reprezentanc kasneje izbrani v državne reprezentance pri večini merskih nalog boljše rezultate kot igralci, ki v državne reprezentance niso bili izbrani. Rezultati so pokazali, da pri 14-letnih dečkih med skupinama regijskih in državnih reprezentantov ne prihaja do statistično značilnih razlik, medtem ko smo pri 15-letnikih ugotovili statistično značilne razlike pri dveh testih: doskočna višina z zaletom in doskočna višina v bloku. Pri 14-letnih deklicah prihaja med skupinama do statistično značilnih razlik pri sedmih merskih testih (telesna višina, dosežna višina, doskočna višina z zaletom, doskočna višina v bloku, predklon na klopci, met 2 kg težke medicinke soročno sede in skok iz polčepa), pri 15-letnicah pa pri šestih (telesna višina, dosežna višina, doskočna višina z zaletom, doskočna višina v bloku, skok iz polčepa in FitLight z neznano kombinacijo). Povsod, kjer je med skupinama prihajalo do statistično značilnih razlik, so državni reprezentanti in reprezentantke dosegali višje oziroma boljše rezultate kot regijski reprezentanti in reprezentantke (z izjemo rezultatov testa skoka iz polčepa pri 15-letnicah).

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:odbojkarji, odbojkarice, telesne značilnosti, gibalne sposobnosti, regijske reprezentance
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2020
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-119084 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:28093443 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:03.09.2020
Views:1442
Downloads:174
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Norms for evaluation of physical fitness of young volleyball players
Abstract:
The main purpose of the master's thesis was to create norms for the evaluation of physical and motor conditions of Slovenian volleyball players aged 14 and 15 years. The goal was to find out whether there are differences in measurements of body dimensions and motor skills among players who were later selected from regional to the national teams and those who were not. The sample included a total of 356 male and 363 female volleyball players who participated in the Tournament of regional teams in the years from 2015 to 2019. The sample of variables represented three measurements for the assessment of body dimensions and ten measurement tasks for the assessment of motor skills. The data was organized and analyzed using Excel and IBM SPSS Statistics. Norms for evaluating the results were expressed with percentiles, and t-test for independent samples was used to identify differences with respect to later membership in the national team. Norms can be used as a model for the evaluation of the individual’s potential in specific age category. Norms offer a comparison between an individual and the best 14- and 15-year-olds in Slovenia. On average, the players who were later selected from the regional to the national teams achieved better results in most measurement tasks than the players who were not. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences between the groups of regional and national teams in 14-year-old male players, while the differences were found in two tests among 15-year-olds: spike reach and block reach. In 14-year-old female players there were statistically significant differences between the groups in seven measurement tests: body height, standing reach, spike reach, block reach, bend on the bench, throw of a 2 kg heavy medicine ball with both hands in a seated position and squat jump. In 15-year-old female players there were statistically significant differences between groups in six measurement tests: body height, standing reach, spike reach, block reach, squat jump and FitLight with an unknown combination. Wherever there were statistically significant differences between the groups, the members of a national teams achieved better results than members of a regional teams (except for a 15-year-old female players when testing a squat jump).

Keywords:male volleyball players, female volleyball players, physical characteristics, motor skills, regional teams

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