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Preventivne aktivnosti medicinskih sester pri osebah z demenco : diplomsko delo
Durjava, Natalija (Author), Milavec Kapun, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Plesec, Špela (Co-mentor), Lapanja, Aljoša (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Povečanje števila prebivalstva in podaljševanje življenjske dobe sta dejavnika, ki vplivata tudi na naraščanje števila oseb z demenco. Slednja največkrat prizadene starejše ljudi, čeprav ne spada v normalen proces staranja. Prvi znaki in simptomi bolezni se lahko pojavijo z zamikom nekaj let, zato je pomembno tako zgodnje odkrivanje kot tudi pravočasno zdravljenje demence. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti vlogo medicinske sestre pri preventivi in zgodnjem odkrivanju demence ter njeno vlogo pri izva-janju presejalnih testov in uporabi različnih ocenjevalnih orodij na področju obravnave oseb z demenco. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela s pregledom domače in tuje strokovne ter znanstvene literature. Literaturo smo iskali v bibliografskih podatkovnih bazah Cochrane Library, CINAHL, ScienceDirect in COBIB.SI. Pri iskanju ustrezne literature smo upoštevali vključitvene in izključitvene kriterije. Dodatno literaturo smo pridobili s pregledom referenc v pridobljenii literaturi. Rezultati: Ugotovljena je po-membnost vključenosti medicinske sestre v prepoznavanje dejavnikov tveganja za nastanek demence ter zdravstveno obravnavo osebe z demenco. Prav tako je ključnega pomena sodelovanje medicinske sestre pri uporabi diagnostičnih orodij za odkrivanje demence, z drugimi strokovnjaki ter pri promociji zdravja v skupnosti. Razprava in zaključek: Medi-cinska sestra je pri obravnavi osebe z demenco pozorna na vse izražene potrebe in težave, ki jih oseba navaja, ter morebitne prisotne dejavnike tveganja. Svoje ugotovitve mora vključiti v negovalni načrt ter na podlagi teh ustavariti intervencije za reševanje negovalnih problemov. Pri svojem delu uporablja različne komunikacijske pristope, ki ji pomagajo pri lažjem razumevanju in vzpostavitvi zaupnega odnosa z osebo z demenco. V okviru svojega dela se medicinska sestra vključuje tudi v ocenjevanje in diagnostiko demence. Pri promo-ciji zdravja svetuje, uči in ozavešča o zdravem življenjskem slogu ter nudi pomoč pri uva-janju sprememb v vsakdanjik.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, starostniki, nevrodegenerativne bolezni, presejalni testi, ocenjevalna orodja
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[N. Durjava]
Number of pages:25 str.
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:26039043 This link opens in a new window
Views:275
Downloads:96
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Preventive activities of nurses with persons with dementia : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: The number of people with dementia is rising with increasing numbers of people and extending life expectancy. In most cases dementia affectes older population though is not a normal part of ageing. The first signs and symptoms may apper with delay of several years, so it is important that dementia is detected and treated early. Purpose: Purpose of the diploma work is to present the role of nurse at prevention and early detec-tion of dementia, to present hers work in the conduct of screening tests and the use of rat-ing scales in people with dementia.Methods: It was used descriptive method of work with review of domestic and foreign professional and scientific literature. Literature was searched in databases Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Science Direct and COBIB.SI. In re-search for relavent literature we considerd inclusion and exclusion criterias. Additional literature was obtained by reviewing searching for acquired documents. Results: It is dis-overed that nurse has important role in reognition of risk factors for development of de-mentia and health care treatment of people with dementia. Role of nurse is also significant in collaborating at using diagnostic tools for uncovering dementia, working with other health professionals on health area and in promoting health in community. Discussion and conclusion: Nurse pays an attention on all expressed needs, problems and risk factors that person with dementia is currently having. She must include all her conclusions in care plan and based on them create interventions to solve care problems. When working with people with dementia she also includes different communication approaches that enables her to create understanding and trust in relationship. Nurse is also involved in assessing dementia and using diagnostic tools. In health promoting she advises, teaches and raises awareness about healthy lifestyle and also offers help to make changes in everyday life.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, elderly, neurodegenerative diseases, screening tests, assessment tools

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