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Prisotnost empatije med študenti zdravstvene nege : diplomsko delo
Vranković, Nina (Author), Milavec Kapun, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kamenšek, Tina (Co-mentor), Kavčič, Tina (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Empatija je med zdravstvenim osebjem zelo pomembna, saj se nanaša na samo prepoznavanje in razumevanje čustev drugih, obenem pa pozitivno vpliva na zdravstvene izide obravnavanih pacientov. Zelo pomembno je, da jo usvojijo tudi študentje zdravstvene nege in se tako pripravijo na bodočo zaposlitev. Namen: Namen diplomske naloge je raziskati in ugotoviti stopnjo empatije med študenti zdravstvene nege, saj je pomembno, da se zavedajo njenega pomena in jo aktivno razvijajo. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila kvantitativna metoda zbiranja podatkov. Podatki so bili zbrani s pomočjo spletne ankete 1ka, obdelani pa s programoma Excel in SPSS. Za merjenje stopnje empatije med študenti zdravstvene nege Zdravstvene fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani je bila uporabljena Jeffersonova lestvica empatije. Določili smo minimalne in maksimalne vrednosti, srednje vrednosti (povprečna vrednost, mediana in modus) ter standardne odklone. Za ugotavljanje statistično pomembnih razlik med skupinami in povezanosti med spremenljivkami smo uporabili t-test, ANOVA test ter Pearsonov korelacijski koeficient. Rezultati: Ugotovili smo, da so študenti zdravstvene nege empatični, saj je povprečna stopnja empatije med študenti kar visoka. O povezanosti predhodne izobrazbe, vrste in letnika študija z empatijo ne moremo trditi ničesar. Demografske značilnosti kot sta spol in starosti nista povezani z večjo stopnjo empatije med študenti, saj razlike niso bile statistično značilne. Razprava in zaključek: Nekatere študije so navajale statistično značilne razlike v spolu, starosti, letniku, vendar ne vse. Letnik študija lahko vpliva na stopnjo empatije, saj imajo študentje tretjega letnika praviloma več izkušenj kot študentje prvega letnika. Ugotovili smo, da izkušnje z zdravstveno nego vplivajo na vrednost empatije, kar je sicer že prej trdilo kar nekaj raziskovalcev. Primerljiva raziskava je bila izvedena na študentih zdravstvene nege Fakultete za zdravstvo Angele Boškin. Ugotovili smo tudi, da obstajajo primerljive raziskave, najbolj podobna izmed njih je bila od Novakove, v kateri je ugotovila, da vrsta študija in predhodna izobrazba ne vplivata na stopnjo empatije, so pa ženske bolj empatične od moških.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, empatične spretnosti, čustvena inteligentnost, komunikacija
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[N. Vranković]
Number of pages:46 str.
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:25907459 Link is opened in a new window
Views:81
Downloads:27
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Presence of empathy among nursing students : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Empathy is very important among healthcare professionals as it relates to the very recognition and understanding of the emotions of others and has a positive impact on the health outcomes of the patients treated. It is very important that nursing students also master it and thus prepare for future employment. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma thesis is to research and determine the level of empathy among nursing students, as it is important that they are aware of its importance and actively develop it. Methods: A quantitative method of data collection was used. Data were collected using the 1ka online survey and processed using Excel and SPSS. The Jefferson Empathy Scale was used to measure the level of empathy among nursing students at the Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Ljubljana. Minimum and maximum values mean values (mean value, median and mode) and standard deviations were determined. We used the t-test, the ANOVA test, and the Pearson correlation coefficient to determine statistically significant differences between groups and the relationships between variables. Results: We found that nursing students were empathetic, as the average level of empathy among students showed a good level of empathy. Nothing can be said about the connection between previous education, type and year of study and empathy. Demographic characteristics such as gender and age were not associated with a higher degree of empathy among students, as the differences were not statistically significant. Discussion and conclusion: Some studies reported statistically significant differences in gender, age, year, but not all. The year of study can affect the level of empathy, as third-year students generally have more experience than first-year students. We found that nursing experience affects the value of empathy, which has been confirmed by a few researchers. A comparable study was conducted on nursing students at the Faculty of Health Angela Boškin. We also found that there are comparable studies, the most similar of which was from Novak, who found that the type of study and prior education do not affect the level of empathy, but women are more empathetic than men.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, empathic skills, emotional intelligence, communication

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