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Duhovnost kot del celostne oskrbe v dokumentaciji zdravstvene nege : diplomsko delo
Volk, Valerija (Author), Ravljen, Mirjam (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Štrancar, Klelija (Co-mentor), Mihelič Zajec, Andreja (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Človek je fizično, biološko, psihično, duhovno in socialno bitje ter lahko zrelo, odgovorno in zdravo deluje le kot celota. Duhovnost je vidik človečnosti, ki se nanaša na način, kako posameznik išče in izraža smisel in cilj življenja. Je vodilo in gonilo njegovih dejanj in mišljenja ter osmišlja njegovo življenje. Vliva mu voljo do življenja, kar je še posebej pomembno v okolju, kjer se počuti osamljenega in ko ne more zadovoljevati vseh življenjskih potreb, na primer v bolnišnici. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je bil na podlagi pridobljenih informacij o obstoječih načinih prepoznavanja duhovnih potreb in na podlagi vpogleda v prisotnost beleženja duhovnih potreb v dokumentaciji zdravstvene nege slovenskih bolnišnic dopolniti obstoječo dokumentacijo z vključitvijo duhovnosti. Metode dela: Diplomsko delo je nastalo na podlagi pregleda domače in tuje literature, kjer smo iskali informacije o vsebini pojma duhovna potreba, o znakih in simptomih njenega pojavljanja ter o načinih ocenjevanja duhovnih potreb. Naredili smo tudi analizo bianko dokumentacije zdravstvene nege 18 slovenskih bolnišnic – Sprejemne anamneze in Procesa zdravstvene nege –, na podlagi katere smo pridobiti vpogled v prisotnost rubrike za ocenjevanje duhovnih potreb pacienta. Rezultati: Simptomi in znaki duhovnih potreb se lahko kažejo s spremembo posameznikovega odnosa do sebe, drugih, narave ali do svetega. Oceno duhovnih potreb je možno izvesti z različno poglobljenostjo glede na posameznikove potrebe in z uporabo različnih ocenjevalnih orodij. Iz dokumentacije zdravstvene nege slovenskih bolnišnic je razvidno, da se pri nas ne uporablja nobeno od ocenjevalnih orodij niti ni predvidene rubrike za beleženje in spremljanje pacientovih duhovnih potreb. Razprava in zaključek: Duhovnost lahko pacientu v težkih življenjskih situacijah nudi notranjo oporo, moč in smisel, zato predstavlja pomemben del celostne oskrbe. Za zadovoljitev pacientovih duhovnih potreb v bolnišnici je potrebna njihova prepoznava, izvajanje ocene duhovnih potreb in njihovo beleženje. V ta namen sta bili na podlagi dobljene dokumentacije slovenskih bolnišnic in ob upoštevanju priporočil North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International narejeni dopolnjeni različici Sprejemne anamneze in Procesa zdravstvene nege z vključitvijo namenskih ocenjevalnih orodij, povezanih z duhovnostjo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, duhovne potrebe, znaki in simptomi duhovnih potreb, dokumentacija zdravstvene nege
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[V. Volk]
Number of pages:43 str., [23] str. pril.
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:21671683 This link opens in a new window
Views:430
Downloads:211
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Spirituality as a part of holistic care in nursing care documentation : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Man is a physical, biological, psychological, spiritual and social being and can only as such function as a whole, mature, responsible and healthy person. Spirituality is an aspect of humanity that relates to the way in which an individual seeks meaning and purpose of his life. It is a guide and a force of his actions, thoughts, it gives meaning to his life and instills in him the will to live. That is especially important in an environment such as a hospital, where he feels lonely and when he cannot perform his daily activities according to his needs. Purpose: The purpose of diploma work is to amend the existing nursing documentation in the way that it will include assessment of spiritual needs of a patient. That will be versed after obtaining information's about the ways of recognizing spiritual needs and after overviewing the nursing documentation of Slovenian hospitals, searching for existing tools for assessing spirituality. Methods: A descriptive method of work - reviewing Slovenian and foreign literature was used in a diploma work. We were searching for information's on the content of the phrase spiritual need, on signs and symptoms of spiritual needs, on ways of assessing them and on spiritual assessment tools. An analysis was also made of a blank nursing care documentation of 18 Slovenian hospitals. Overviewing documents called Sprejemna anamneza and Proces zdravstvene nege we obtained information's on presence of spiritual assessment tool. Results: Signs and symptoms of spiritual needs can demonstrate themselves with a change in person's relationship toward himself, with others, with nature or with the Sacred. A spiritual needs assessment can be performed according to individuals needs with various depth and using different assessing tools. The Overview on the nursing documentation of Slovenian hospitals showed that none of the existing assessment tools are currently in use, neither are columns on noting or escorting patients spiritual needs present. Discussion and conclusion: Spirituality can provide support, inner strength and meaning in difficult times of life to a patient and is therefore an important part of holistic nursing care. In order to satisfy the patient's spiritual needs in the hospital, it is necessary to perform a spiritual needs assessment and record it. For this purpose, based on the Overview of hospitals documentation and in compliance with guidelines of North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International an updated version of Sprejemna anamneza and Proces zdravstvene nege has been made with inclusion of spirituality.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, spiritual needs, signs and symptoms of spiritual needs, nursing documentation

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