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Pristop BIM za metode trajnostnega načrtovanja: od bioklimatskega do regenerativnega načrtovanja : magistrsko delo
Dervishaj, Arlind (Author), Cerovšek, Tomo (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Trebušak, Branka (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Različne metode trajnostnega načrtovanja, okviri in sistemi ocenjevanja trajnostne gradnje so bili razviti že od prve opredelitve poročila o trajnostnem razvoju - Brundtland. Bioklimatski pristop k arhitekturnemu načrtovanju lahko najdemo v vernakularni arhitekturi in je bil formalno predlagan v vrsti raziskovalnih in strokovnih publikacij od petdesetih let prejšnjega stoletja dalje. Bioklimatski pristop označuje skupek načrtovalskih strategij, ki temeljijo na lokalni klimi, uporabi naravnih virov in energetskih tokov s ciljem, da se zagotovijo fiziološke in psihološke potrebe po zdravju in udobju ljudi. Podnebne spremembe, linearna ekonomija in velik vpliv grajenega okolja na planet zahtevajo takojšnjo preobrazbo, da bi dosegli podnebne cilje OZN in IPCC SR1.5°C. Ta študija podaja pregled metod trajnostnega oblikovanja v povezavi s krožnim gospodarstvom in novo paradigmo projektiranja in gradnje grajenega okolja s pomočjo informacijskega modeliranja zgradb. Regenerativno načrtovanje nudi odmik od sedanje prakse in se osredotoča na zmanjšanje vplivov na okolje in povečanje učinkovitosti, s ciljem zasnovati stavbe in mesta, ki so regenerativni, brez škodljivih vplivov na okolje, vendar obnavljajo ekosisteme, kar omogoča človeku in naravnim sistemom, da se razvijajo hkrati. Predlagan je okvir regenerativnega načrtovanja, ki temelji na celostnem pristopu z orodji za digitalno načrtovanje. Pristop je prikazan na študiji primera večjega objekta v Ljubljani. Na testni študiji se uporabljajo in navzkrižno preverijo najsodobnejši integrirani delotoki projektiranja, orodja in metrike BIM. Raziskava prispeva k lažji izbiri metod, orodij in informacijskih zahtev za naročnika in projektno skupino, in temelji na skupini standardov za BIM - ISO 19650, regenerativnem razvoju in načrtovanju.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:regenerativno načrtovanje in razvoj, informacijsko modeliranje zgradb, informacijske zahteve, algoritmično načrtovanje, vseživljenjski stroški, odziv stavb, simulacije, dnevna svetloba
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2020
Publisher:[A. Dervishaj]
UDC:624.03:69.01(4)(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:38997507 This link opens in a new window
Views:409
Downloads:179
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:BIM approached Sustainable Design Methods: From Bioclimatic to Regenerative Design : master thesis
Abstract:
Different Sustainable Design methods, frameworks and green building rating systems have been developed since the first definition of Sustainable Development of the Brundtland report. Bioclimatic approach to architectural design can be found in vernacular architecture and was proposed formally in a series of research and professional publications since the 1950s. The bioclimatic approach is about making design strategies based on the local climate, utilizing natural resources and energy flows to provide for physiological and psychological needs for human health and comfort. Climate Change, a Linear Economy and the high impact of the built environment on the planet require an immediate transformation to achieve the UN SDGs and IPCC SR1.5°C climate goals. This study makes a review of Sustainable Design Methods, with links to a Circular Economy, and the new paradigm for the design and construction of the built environment with Building Information Modelling. Regenerative Design holds the promise for shifting from the current practice focused on reducing environmental impacts and increasing efficiency towards designing buildings and cities that are regenerative, climate neutral, restore ecosystems, allowing human and natural systems to co-evolve. A Regenerative Design framework is proposed based on a holistic approach with digital design tools. State of the art BIM integrated workflows, tools and metrics are used and cross-checked on a case study for Ljubljana. The research is a contribution to the selection of methods, KPIs and Information Requirements from the Client-side and for the project team based on ISO 19650 series for Regenerative Design and Development.

Keywords:regenerative design and development, building information modelling (BIM), information requirements, computational design, life cycle assessment (LCA), building performance simulations, daylighting

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