Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease, characterized by increased blood glucose. Heterogeneous etiopathology includes impaired insulin secretion, its action, or both and impaired carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. All types of diabetes can lead to complications in many parts of the body, and thus increase the overall risk of premature death. Complications have a very negative effect on people with diabetes, and the impact of complications can be felt in the population as a whole. In addition to the pharmacological treatment regimen, lifestyle changes also play a role in reducing or preventing diabetes. Along with proper nutrition, organized physical activity is important in the fight against diabetes.
Exercise in water is useful in rehabilitating patients with musculoskeletal problems, neurological problems, cardiopulmonary pathology, or metabolic disorders. Knowing these biological effects can help a skilled kinesiologist create an optimal treatment plan with appropriate adjustments to water activity, e.g. water temperature, water depth, duration and exercise intensity. Water therapy is a very useful rehabilitation tool due to its great therapeutic safety and clinical flexibility. With a better understanding of the hydrodinamics effects of water, the kinesiologist can structure appropriate therapeutic programs for a diverse patient population.
The aim of this master's thesis was to describe the impact of exercise in water on the relief and treatment for diabetes complications and to offer alternative physical activity for people who are incapable of being physically active on land due to complications they experience, to raise awareness of the complications of diabetes and the daily problems people with diabetes are facing. In the process of writing the master's thesis, we used domestic and foreign literature to help, especially scientific papers entitled »Exercise in Water and Diabetes«, »Aquatics Exercise and Diabetes«, »Diabetes and Exercise«. In the introductory part of the master's thesis as a broader area of research, we offer a representation of the prevalence of diabetes, types of diabetes, complications caused by diabetes, exercise in water and the effects of exercise in water on the body. In the main part of the master's thesis, which is based on scientific papers, we described the impact of water exercise on reducing and preventing complications of diabetes and the impact of water exercise on people with diabetes.