The analysis of active fire protection covers the development of fire and the ways in which active fire protection systems operate. When choosing active fire protection systems, it is necessary to have a good knowledge of the properties of the area in question and to expect the course of the fire. Based on the expected fire development, it is possible to select suitable systems for fire detection and extinguishment, which affects the speed of fire extinguishing and its consequences.
The first part of the diploma thesis is intended for the presentation of the theoretical foundations of active fire protection and the process of analysis of the effects of active fire protection. The systems for detecting and extinguishing fires and the properties of fire brigades in the vicinity of the building are presented. The second part of the diploma thesis contains an analysis of the effects of active fire protection on fire in a municipal container under a free-standing canopy.
In the analysis of the effects of active fire protection on the fire in the municipal container, two fire scenarios with different active fire protection systems were considered. In both cases, active fire protection was found to be sufficient to extinguish the fire.
The present case concludes that it is possible to ensure the success of fire extinguishing only by installing fire detection and alarm system of the fire brigade. These findings are not intended for the final design of active fire protection systems but are intended only to narrow the set of active fire protection systems for a detailed analysis of active fire protection, which is not part of this thesis.