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Pomanjkanje mikrohranil pri bolnikih s celiakijo
Bremec, Neja (Author), Benedik, Evgen (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Namen diplomskega dela je bil ugotoviti, katera so glavna mikrohranila, ki jih lahko primanjkuje bolnikom s celiakijo, ki so na brezglutenski prehrani ter predstaviti možne izboljšave v njihovi prehrani, da bi do pomanjkanj prihajalo v čim manjšem obsegu. V zadnjem času je informacij o vodenju ustrezne prehrane pri brezglutenski prehrani vedno več, ampak še vedno opažamo, da pri bolnikih lahko prihaja do pomanjkanja mikrohranil. Ključno je vedeti, kako lahko ta mikrohranila nadomestimo, da ne prihaja do raznih obolenj, ki jih lahko povzroča pomanjkanje le-teh v telesu. Do pomanjkanj v največji meri prihaja zaradi neustrezne prehrane bolnikov, ki ni dovolj raznolika in uravnotežena. Bolniki večinoma uživajo živila, ki so hranilno revna in ne zagotavljajo dnevno priporočenega vnosa posameznih makrohranil in mikrohranil. V prvem delu so predstavljene glavne značilnosti celiakije, vključno z diagnostiko in zdravljenjem omenjene bolezni. V drugem delu smo predstavili glavne komponente zdrave in uravnotežene prehrane in jo razložili s sliko prehranskega kroga ter opisali pomen makrohranil. V tretjem delu smo izpostavili morebitno pomanjkanje mikrohranil ter opisali funkcijo in pomen vsakega vitamina in minerala, katerega lahko primanjkuje bolnikom s celiakijo. V zadnjem delu smo predstavili možne izboljšave pri prehrani bolnikov s celiakijo, s čimer bi lahko izboljšali svoj prehranski status in izboljšali kvaliteto življenja z možnostjo večjega izbora živil.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana, celiakija, gluten, brezglutenska prehrana, prehranska priporočila, dnevni vnos hranil, makrohranila, mikrohranila, vitamini, minerali
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2020
Publisher:[N. Bremec]
UDC:613.2:616.34
COBISS.SI-ID:22099715 Link is opened in a new window
Views:222
Downloads:103
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Micronutrients deficiency in patients with celiac disease
Abstract:
The aim of this thesis was to find out what are the main micronutrients that may be lacking in celiac patients on a gluten-free diet and to present possible improvements in their diets to minimize micronutrient deficiencies. Lately, there has been a growing amount of information on how to manage a proper gluten-free diet, but we are still seeing that there may be shortage of micronutrients in such diet. The key is to know how these micronutrients can be gained, so that various diseases caused by their deficiency can be avoided. Micronutrient deficiencies are mostly caused by inedaquate nutrition of patients, which is not sufficiently diversed and balanced. Patients mostly consume foods that are nutritionally poor and as such do not provide the daily recomended intake of individual macronutrients and micronutrients. The first part of the thesis presents the main features of celiac disease, including the diagnosis and treatment of disease. In the second part, we presented the main components of a healthy and balanced diet and explained graphicaly the nutrition circle. We also described the importance of macronutrients. In the third part, we highlighted the fact that micronutrients may be deficient and described the function and importance of each vitamin and mineral that may be lacking in patients with celiac disease. In the last part, we outlined possible improvements in the nutrition of pacients with celiac disease, which could improve their nutritional status and improve quality of their lives by offering them the possibility of wider food choices.

Keywords:diet, celiac disease, gluten, gluten-free diet, dietary recommendations, daily nutrient intake, macronutrients, micronutrients, vitamins, minerals

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