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Etika vrlin in sodobni politični diskurz v Po vrlini Alasdairja MacIntyreja : magistrsko delo
Artiček, Jan (Author), Vodovnik, Žiga (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Cvetanović, Dragana (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Ta magistrska naloga analizira zagovor etike vrlin Alasdair-ja MacIntyre-a in skuša ta zagovor aplicirati na sodobni politični diskurz, predvsem danes perečo tematiko identitetne politike. V MacIntyre-ovi ključni študiji, Po vrlini, etika vrlin – predvsem v svoji aristotelovski oziroma evdajmonični verziji – služi kot kritika moderne na splošno, a še posebej moderne moralne filozofije. Osrednja hipoteza knjige je, da je bil razsvetljenski moralni projekt neuspešen pri poskusu vzpostavitve univerzalnih moralnih standardov na podlagi razuma, kar je vodilo v sedanje stanje popolnoma subjektivne morale. Sledeč MacIntyre-ovemu argumentu, ta naloga razdela ključne konceptualne razlike med etiko vrlin in moderno moralno filozofijo, predvsem drugačne razumevanje človeške racionalnosti in drugačen odnos do teleološkega sklepanja. Poleg tega naloga raziskuje, kako etika vrlin služi kot kritika moderne politike, zlasti liberalizma, s tem ko poudarja družbeni kontekst kot ključen za identiteto posameznika in idejo o skupnih družbenih ciljih kot ključnih za vzdrževanje racionalne javne debate. Z analizo nekega že obstoječega poskusa podobne kritike, tj. kritike Jordana Petersona in t.i. Intelektualnega Temnega Spleta, ta naloga skuša ugotoviti, kako bi etika vrlin lahko pripomogla k trenutnemu političnemu diskurzu.

Language:English
Keywords:etika vrlin, Alasdair MacIntyre, teleologija, racionalnost, razsvetljenstvo.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2020
Publisher:[J. Artiček]
Number of pages:68 str.
UDC:141.7:32(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:21832195 Link is opened in a new window
Views:75
Downloads:32
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Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Political Debate in Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue
Abstract:
This thesis analyzes Alasdair MacIntyre's defense of virtue ethics and attempts to apply it to contemporary political debate, especially the currently contentious debate around identity politics. In MacIntyre's landmark book, After Virtue, virtue ethics – in particular its Aristotelian eudaimonist version – serves as a critique of modernity at large, but specifically of modern moral philosophy. The central claim is that the Enlightenment moral project has failed to produce universal standards of morality based on reason, leading instead to the contemporary state of affairs, where morality is thought to be wholly subjective. Tracing MacIntyre's argument, this thesis breaks down the key conceptual differences between virtue ethics and modern moral philosophy, namely a different understanding of human rationality and a different attitude towards teleological reasoning. Additionally, it explores how virtue ethics also serves as a critique of modern politics, especially liberalism, by emphasizing social particularity as crucial to individual identity and the notion of shared communal ends as crucial for maintaining a rational public debate. By looking at another publically prominent attempt at a similar critique, namely Jordan Peterson and the Intellectual Dark Web, the thesis hopes to determine what virtue ethics could contribute to current political discourse.

Keywords:virtue ethics, Alasdair MacIntyre, teleology, rationality, Enlightenment.

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