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Validacija dveh komplementarnih analiznih metod za merjenje relativne biološke aktivnosti monoklonskega protitelesa iz skupine zaviralcev dejavnika tumorske nekroze alfa
Vidrih, Žan (Author), Kerč, Janez (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Kakovost, varnost in učinkovitost zdravil je osnovna in bistvena zahteva farmacevtske industrije in regulatornih organov. Z analiznimi metodami pridobivamo podatke o lastnostih končnega produkta in z njimi nadzorujemo parametre proizvodnega bioprocesa. Zanesljivost analiznih metod, ki jo dokažemo z validacijo, je osnova za pridobivanje verodostojnih podatkov, ti pa skupaj z integriteto podatkov predstavljajo osnove sistema kakovosti. V okviru magistrske naloge smo izvedli polno validacijo dveh komplementarnih analiznih metod za merjenje relativne biološke aktivnosti biološko podobnega monoklonskega protitelesa, ki je zdravilna učinkovina iz skupine zaviralcev dejavnika tumorske nekroze alfa (TNF-α). Analizni metodi delujeta po različnih principih delovanja in se zato dopolnjujeta. Prva deluje po principu zaviranja apoptoze (AIA) celic in meri aktivnost antigen vezavnega mesta protitelesa (Fab regija) ter s tem specifičnost vezave protitelesa na TNF-α. Druga analizna metoda primarno meri aktivnost konstantnega dela protitelesa (Fc regija) in s tem vezavo na celične receptorje FcgIIIa (CD16). Osnovana je na principu s protitelesi posredovane celične citotoksičnosti (ADCC). Validacijske teste in evalvacijo rezultatov smo izvajali skladno s smernicami ICH in FDA ter dobro proizvodno prakso. Obe analizni metodi smo vrednotili z validacijskimi parametri točnost, linearnost, delovno območje, natančnost, specifičnost in robustnost ter rezultate validacijskih parametrov primerjali med seboj. Na podlagi pridobljenih rezultatov točnosti in linearnosti smo dokazali, da obe analizni metodi dajeta točne rezultate v območju 50–200 % relativne biološke aktivnosti vzorcev. V okviru analiz ponovljivosti in vmesne natančnosti smo dokazali, da sta obe analizni metodi natančni. Pri metodi AIA smo ugotovili, da je nekoliko bolj variabilna. Vrednosti geometričnega relativnega standardnega odklona (GRSD) za ponovljivost in vmesno natančnost so pri metodi AIA 1 % in 3 %, pri metodi ADCC pa 4 % in 9 %. Analize specifičnosti so pokazale, da pomožne snovi, ki so prisotne v matriksu zdravilne učinkovine, ne vplivajo na princip delovanja bioloških testov ali točnost in natančnost rezultatov. S testiranjem robustnosti smo ugotovili, da testirane spremembe parametrov, kot so časi inkubacij in koncentracije celic, ne vplivajo na točnost in natančnost rezultatov. V okviru robustnosti smo potrdili stabilnost vzorcev sedem dni po odprtju pri shranjevanju na temperaturi 2–8 °C. Rezultati validacije dokazujejo, da obe analizni metodi izpolnjujeta kriterije sprejemljivosti za vse vrednotene parametre in sta primerni za uporabo v kontroli kakovosti končnih izdelkov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Validacija, biološka zdravila, podobna biološka zdravila, monoklonsko protitelo, biološki test, relativna biološka aktivnost, TNF-α, inhibicija apoptoze, s protitelesi posredovana celična citotoksičnost.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FFA - Faculty of Pharmacy
Year:2020
Views:131
Downloads:57
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Validation of two complementary analytical methods for measuring the relative biological activity of tumor necrosis factor alpha-inhibiting antibody
Abstract:
The quality, safety and efficacy of medicines are a basic and an essential requirements of the pharmaceutical industry and the regulatory authorities. Analytical methods are used to obtain data on drug product properties and to control bioprocess parameters. The reliability of analytical methods, which is proved by method validation, is the basis for obtaining correct data. Together with data integrity they form the basis of the quality system. In this master's thesis full validation of two complementary analytical methods is presented. The analytical methods used measure relative biological activity of the biosimilar monoclonal antibody that is an active pharmaceutical ingredient from the group of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors. The analytical methods function by two different principles and are therefore complementary. The first analytical method functions via cell apoptosis inhibition (AIA): it measures the activity of antibody's antigen binding site (Fab region) and with it the specificity of antibody binding to TNF-α. The second analytical method primarily measures the activity of antibody's constant region (Fc region) and with it its binding to FcgIIIa cell receptors (CD16). It is based on the principle of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). The validation experiments and the result evaluation were performed according to ICH and FDA guidelines as well as good manufacturing practice. Both analytical methods were evaluated with the following validation parameters: accuracy, linearity, range, precision, specificity and robustness. The results of those validation parameters were then compared between methods. Accuracy and linearity results show that both analytical methods give accurate results in the range of 50–200 % relative potency of the samples. Reproducibility and intermediate precision results demonstrate that both analytical methods are precise, however the AIA method is slightly more variable. The geometric relative standard deviation (GRSD) values for reproducibility and intermediate precision are 1% and 3% for the AIA method, and 4% and 9% for the ADCC method, respectively. Specificity analyses show that excipients present in the drug substance matrix do not affect the functioning of either of the two bioassays nor the accuracy and precision of the results. Robustness results demonstrated that the tested method parameter variations, such as incubation times and cell concentrations, do not affect the accuracy and precision of the results. In terms of robustness it was also confirmed that drug substance samples are stable 7 days after opening and storage at 2–8 °C. The validation results of all parameters prove that the acceptance criteria for both analytical methods are fulfilled and that both analytical metods are suitable for use in the quality control testing.

Keywords:Validation, biological drugs, biosimilars, monoclonal antibody, bioassay, relative biological activity, TNF-α, apoptosis inhibition, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity.

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