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Devetdeset dnevna ločevalna dieta je zaradi deficitov v vnosu hranil nevarna za zdravje
Podgrajšek, Ksenija (Author), Puš, Tamara (Author), Simčič, Marjan (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://aas.bf.uni-lj.si/zootehnika/98-2011/PDF/98-2011-2-127-133.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Devetdeset dnevna ločevalna dieta je najbolj pogosto uporabljena dieta za izgubljanje telesne mase. Temelji na ločevanju makrohranil znotraj posameznega dneva. Dieta je glede na vnos makrohranil sestavljena iz štirih tipov dni (proteinski dan, sadni dan, škrobni dan in dan ogljikovih hidratov). V raziskavi smo dieto prehransko ovrednotili z uporabo metode ocenjene količine in računalniškim programom Prodi 5.7 ter dobljene podatke primerjali z referenčnimi vrednostmi za vnos hranil. Rezultati so pokazali, daje predvidena povprečna dnevno zaužita količina energije 4196 +- 1483 kJ, kar ne zadosti niti potrebam bazalnega metabolizma povprečne ženske, niti povprečnega moškega. Energijski deleži makrohranil so znotraj posameznega tipa dneva izven priporočenih vrednosti, vendar dieta v povprečju zagotovi uravnoteženo razmerje med njimi. Po pričakovanjih se največ beljakovin zaužije na proteinski dan, kot se tudi na dan ogljikovih hidratov zaužije največ ogljikovih hidratov. Količina zaužitih maščob je nizka in v povprečju predstavlja le 23% dnevne energije. Devetdeset dnevna ločevalna dieta je energijsko revna izbira prehranjevanja za povprečnega posameznika, zato je izgubljanje telesne mase ob njeni uporabi zagotovljeno. Z dieto posameznik v povprečju ne zaužije dovolj prehranske vlaknine, vitaminov B1, B2, biotina, folne kisline, A, D in E ter mineralov kalcija, magnezija in joda. Zaradi naštetih deficitov v vnosu hranil je ta dieta prehransko neustrezna, za zdravje potencialno nevarna in zato njeno dolgotrajno uporabo odsvetujemo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:prehrana ljudi, diete, ločevalna dieta, energijski vnos, vnos makrohranil, izguba telesne mase
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2011
Number of pages:Str. 127-133
Numbering:Letn. 98, št. 2
UDC:613.2
ISSN on article:1581-9175
COBISS.SI-ID:2983816 This link opens in a new window
Views:1838
Downloads:366
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta agriculturae Slovenica
Shortened title:Acta agric. Slov.
Publisher:Biotehniška fakulteta
ISSN:1581-9175
COBISS.SI-ID:213840640 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
Three month combining diet is the most used diet for loosing body weight. The basis of this diet is macronutrient separation within the each day. The diet consists of four day types (protein day, fruit day, starch day, carbohydrate day). In our study this diet was nutritionally evaluated with estimation intake method and computer based nutritional programme Prodi 5.7. Data were compared with the recommended values for nutrient intake. Results showed that estimated average daily energy intake (4196+-1483 kJ) does not achieve the basal metabolic rate of an average woman nor average man. Macronutrient intake in terms of energy caloric profile according to day type was not satisfactory but on average macronutrient energy ratio meets the recommendation. Protein intake was the highest on protein day whereas carbohydrate intake was the highest on carbohzdrate day, as according to our expectations. Fat intake was low, on average 23% of daily energy intake. Three month combining diet is very low energy diet for this reason weight lost is assured. On average this diet does not meet the recommended values for total dietary fibre, vitamin B1, B2, biotin, folic acid, vitamin A, D, E and minerals calcium, magnesium and iodine. Due to nutrient deficiency this diet can lead to health problems, therefore long-term usage is not recommended.

Keywords:human nutrition, combining diet, energy intake, macronutrient intake, weight loss

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