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Video modeliranje kot delovnoterapevtska strategija pri otroku z motnjo avtističnega spektra : diplomsko delo
Meglič, Staša (Author), Ceglar, Irena (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Gričar, Nevenka (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Delovni terapevti pri obravnavah otrok z motnjo avtističnega spektra poleg drugih strategij uporabljajo tudi tehnološke pripomočke. Eden od možnih načinov uporabe tehnologije so obravnave s pomočjo strategije učenja po modelu preko videoposnetka – video modeliranje. Video modeliranje je oblika terapije, ki zagotavlja izboljšanje izvajanja osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti pri otrocih z motnjo avtističnega spektra. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je bil opredeliti učinkovitost uporabe delovno terapevtske strategije video modeliranja pri izboljšanju izvajanja osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti otroka z motnjo avtističnega spektra. Metode dela: Študijo primera smo izpeljali v okviru šestih tednov. Vanjo je bila vključena 7-letna deklica z motnjo avtističnega spektra. Uporabnica je dvakrat na teden izvajala osnovne dnevne aktivnosti, predstavljene z videoposnetkom. Video modeliranje sestavlja določitev aktivnosti za obravnavo in opredelitev posameznih akcij znotraj te aktivnosti. Videoposnetki so bili sestavljeni iz prikaza pravilne, specifične izvedbe aktivnosti in iz ustnih navodil. Ocenjevanja z instrumenti Ocenjevanje samostojnosti izvedbe osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti, Analiza aktivnosti po spretnostih in Vprašalnik volje pri otroku, smo opravili pred obravnavami in po koncu obravnav. Rezultati: Z obravnavami se je izboljšala/zvišala samostojnost izvedbe osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti (Ocenjevanje samostojnosti izvedbe osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti: začetna ocena 27 in končna ocena 31). Izboljšale so se procesne (je pozoren/osredotočen, uporabi/rokuje, ravna z, začne, izvaja neprekinjeno, izvaja v zaporedju, konča, usmerja gibanje, spremeni izvajanje, opazi/se odzove, pridobi) in motorične spretnosti (uravnava), merjene z analizo aktivnosti. Volja za izvedbo osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti se je glede na rezultate z ocenjevalnim instrumentom Vprašalnik volje pri otroku zvišala (uporabničina vključenost pri obeh aktivnostih). Razprava in zaključek: S študijo primera smo s šesttedensko obravnavo dokazali, da je video modeliranje učinkovita strategija za izboljšanje izvajanja osnovnih dnevnih aktivnosti otrok z motnjo avtističnega spektra, katerih sposobnost razumevanja in posnemanja jim omogoča sodelovanje pri taki obravnavi.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, delovna terapija, osnovne dnevne aktivnosti, samostojnost, videoposnetki
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[S. Meglič]
Number of pages:38 str., [30] str. pril.
UDC:615.851
COBISS.SI-ID:5793387 This link opens in a new window
Views:404
Downloads:365
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Video modeling as occupational therapy strategy with a child with autism spectrum disorder : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Occupational therapists use not only standard strategies but technology also as a form of intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. One of the possible ways of using technology is to use it for video modeling. Video modeling is a form of therapy that improves the performance of basic activities of daily living in children with autism spectrum disorder. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the effectivness of using video modeling in occupational therapy to improve performance of basic activities of daily living in child with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: This case study was conducted within six weeks period. Participant was 7-years old girl with autism spectrum disorder. Twice a week she performed basic activities of daily living as they were presented on the video clips. Video modeling consists of choosing the right activities for intevention and of identifying actions within each activity. Video clips demonstrated correct, specific performance of activity and of verbal instructions. Assessments with WeeFim, Activity analysis by skills and Pediatric volitional questionnaire were used in the beginning and in the end of occupational therapy. Results: Improvement occurred in klient's independence (WeeFim: first evaluation 95 and the last evaluation 98). Processing (is paying attention/is focused, uses/handles objects, begins, performs continuously, performs in the right order, finishes, directs movements, changes performance, notices/responds, gains) and motor skills (coordinates, regulates) improved. Pediatric volitional questionnaire results show improvement of volition to perform basic activities of daily living. Discussion and conclusion: Six weeks case study showed that video modeling is an effective intervention strategy and can be used to improve the performance of basic activities of daily living in children with autism spectrum disorder, who are capable of imitating other people and have ability to understand instructions.

Keywords:diploma theses, occupational therapy, basic activities of daily living, independence, video clips

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