Measurements for the thesis took place in August, September and October 2009 in Podturn, the county Podturn, the forest management unit Poljane. The purpose of the thesis was to analyze and examine the damage done to the soil on skiding routes when transporting wood with forwarder, pulling logs with a tractor and woodcutting with tree harvester machine, and to make an assessment of the appropriate choices for choosing the machinery in the given location. The survey was conducted in two stratum of approximately equal size. In one location logging was carried out with the harvester tractor John Deere 1470D ECO in combination with a chainsaw, skidding it by a forwarder John Deere 1410 ECO III. Crosswise to the skidding, 34 profiles have been positioned, that monitored the routes. In the second location, the timber was cut by chainsaws and logged with adapted agricultural tractor John Deere 6220. In this stratum there have been 21 profiles. The paper presents the results of the rut depth of the harvester, forwarder and tractor. It also shows the width of the skidding routes and its interrupted surface of the measured objects. We have found that in the majority of the measured profiles the rut depth of less than 10 cm. Woodcutting residue by logging machines and harvesting have shown a positive impact on the capacity of the forest soil. Soil damage, due to good soil, were moderate. The machine at the selected location has proved to be suitable.