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Islamofibija in medijske reprezentacije muslimanov v Sloveniji : magistrsko delo
Urbič, Monja (Author), Črnič, Aleš (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Na Zahodu se je vse od križarskih vojn konstruiral negativen odnos do islama in muslimanov. Ta odnos je pomagal pri oblikovanju enotne evropske identitete, ki je imela in ima nasproti sebe vedno inherentno slabšega ''drugega''. Z opazovanjem zgodovinskih in sodobnih srečevanj zahodnega in muslimanskega sveta sem skušala dekonstruirati islamofobijo. Slednja se poleg kolektivnega spomina in preteklih ter sedanjih vojnih spopadov ohranja in krepi v političnem in medijskem diskurzu, z islamističnim terorizmom in idejo o spopadu nekompatibilnih civilizacij. Vpliv medijev je pri konstrukciji družbene realnosti še posebej močan, medijska reprezentacija lahko legitimira ali razdira nestrpnost in predsodke do določenih skupin v družbi, posebej do manjšinskih. V empiričnem delu naloge me je zanimalo, kakšna je medijska reprezentacija islama in muslimanov na spletnih portalih MMC RTV SLO, 24ur in Delo. Z elementi kritične diskurzivne analize sem kvantitativno in kvalitativno analizirala novinarske prispevke z izbranimi ključnimi besedami iz l. 2018. Z opazovanjem tem, podtem, besedišča in semantike sem ugotovila, da prevladujejo reprezentacije islama kot nasilne religije, ki je nekompatibilna z zahodnim načinom življenja. Muslimani v prispevkih, pogosto le v bežnih omembah, navadno predstavljajo določen problem, grožnjo, včasih tudi žrtev. Praviloma pa so reprezentirani kot tuja abstraktna skupina, brez individualnih posameznikov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:islam, Zahod, medijske reprezentacije, islamofobija
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2020
Publisher:[M. Urbič]
Number of pages:111 str.
UDC:316.77:28(497.4)(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:36655709 Link is opened in a new window
Views:197
Downloads:85
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Islamophobia and media representations of Muslims in Slovenia
Abstract:
Ever since the Crusades, a negative attitude towards Islam and Muslims has been adopted in the West. Fear and hatred towards Muslims helped shape common European identity, which has always had its own inherently inferior antipole – ''the other''. In my thesis, I tried to deconstruct islamophobia by observing historical and modern encounters of the western and Muslim world. Islamophobia has preserved and increased because of the collective memory, as well as of past and present wars, political and media discourse, Islamic terrorism and the idea of the clash of incompatible civilisations. The influence of the media is particularly strong in the construction of social reality, and media representation can legitimise or eradicate intolerance and prejudice towards certain social groups, especially minorities. In empirical part of my thesis, I examined media representations of Muslims and Islam in 2018 on the web portals MMC RTV SLO, 24ur and Delo. I did a quantitative analysis of media articles with elements of critical discourse analysis. By observing themes, sub-themes, vocabulary and semantics I established that representations of Islam as a violent religion, incompatible with the western way of life, prevail. Muslims in articles, often only vaguely mentioned, are portrayed as a problem, a threat, or even a victim. As a rule, they are represented as a foreign, abstract group, lacking autonomous individuals.

Keywords:Islam, the West, media representations, islamophobia

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