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Razlike med športnicami v različnih športih, ki imajo lahko vpliv na razlike v incidenci in tveganju za poškodbo sprednje križne vezi
ID Vauhnik, Renata (Author)

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Abstract
Izhodišča: Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, ali imajo antropometrične razlike, razlike v položajskih značilnostih spodnjega uda in razlike v časovni izpostavljenosti treningu med športnicami, ki se ukvarjajo s košarko, rokometom in odbojko, vpliv na razlike v incidenci in tveganju za poškodbo sprednje križne vezi. Metode: Prospektivna, opisna raziskava. V raziskavi so sodelovale športnice, ki so bile registrirane pri Košarkarski, Odbojkarski in Rokometni zvezi Slovenije v sezoni 2003/2004. Za ugotavljanje razlik med športnicami in ugotavljanje vpliva razlik na razlike v incidenci in tveganju za poškodbo sprednje križne vezi so bile uporabljene spremenljivke: antropometrične značilnosti športnic, položajske značilnosti spodnjih udov in časovna izpostavljenost treningu. Rezultati: Statistično značilne razlike med športnicami so bile ugotovljene (P < 0,05) za spremenljivke: starost, telesna teža, telesna višina, indeks telesne mase, ukvarjanje s športom, povprečno število ur treninga in tekem na teden ter anteriorna laksnost kolenskega sklepa. Spremenljivki ekstenzija kolenskega sklepa in pronacija stopala se med športnicami v različnih športih nista statistično značilno razlikovali. Zaključki: Razlike v telesni višini, časovni izpostavljenosti treningu in anteriorni laksnosti kolenskega sklepa lahko imajo vpliv na razlike v incidenci in tveganju za poškodbo sprednje križne vezi med športnicami, ki se ukvarjajo s košarko, rokometom in odbojko.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:športnice, antropometrične značilnosti, spodnji ud, položajske značilnosti, sprednja križna vez, incidenca poškodb
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:ZF - Faculty of Health Sciences
Year:2012
Number of pages:Str. 1-4
Numbering:Letn. 20, št. 1
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-114762 This link opens in a new window
UDC:615.8:617.583-001
ISSN on article:1318-2102
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-HG6C4QQQ
COBISS.SI-ID:4413291 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:06.03.2020
Views:899
Downloads:204
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Fizioterapija
Shortened title:Fizioterapija
Publisher:Društvo fizioterapevtov Slovenije, Društvo fizioterapevtov Slovenije, Združenje fizioterapevtov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-2102
COBISS.SI-ID:30074880 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Differences among sportswomen in different sports which might have a bearing on the anterior cruciate ligament injury rate and risk differences
Abstract:
Background: To investigate anthropometric, lower limb alignment and playing exposure characteristics among sportswomen in different sports which might have a bearing on the anterior cruciate ligament injury rate and risk differences. Methods: Prospective descriptive study. Slovenian sportswomen registered in the Slovenian National Organisations of basketball, team handball and volleyball participated in the study. Anthropometric characteristics, lower limb alignment characteristics and playing exposure characteristics were compared between sportswomen in different sport groups. Results: Statistically significant differences (P < 0,05) were found between the different sport groups for the following variables: age, body mass and height, body mass index, duration of sport participation, average hours of training and games per week, and knee anterior laxity. The other collected variables (knee passive extension and foot pronation) did not show statistically significant differences between the three sports groups. Conclusions: Differences in body height, training exposure and knee anterior laxity might have a bearing on the ACL injury risk and rates differences among sportswomen in different sports.

Keywords:female athletes, anthropometric differences, lower limb, alignment differences, ACL, injury risk

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