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Vsebina in učinki programov proprioceptivne vadbe za spodnje ude - pregled literature
Puh, Urška (Author), Dečman, Mojca (Author), Palma, Polona (Author)

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Abstract
Uvod: Vadba, katere cilj je povečanje proprioceptivnega priliva in s tem izboljšanje odziva senzorimotoričnega sistema, se v fizioterapiji pogosto uporablja, vendar pa njena vsebina ni jasno določena. Namen pregleda literature je bil ugotoviti sestavo programov, ki so jih avtorji poimenovali proprioceptivna vadba za spodnje ude, in njihove učinke. Metode: Pregled literature v podatkovnih zbirkah PubMed in CINAHL. Rezultati: V pregled je bilo vključenih deset raziskav s kontrolno skupino, od tega štirje randomizirani kontrolirani poskusi. Opravljene so bile pri športnikih, starostnikih in pacientih z artrozo kolena, zvinom skočnega sklepa ter multiplo sklerozo. Vadbeni programi so trajali od 2 do 12 tednov, dva- do petkrat na teden po 20 do 60 minut. Vsi so obsegali vaje za ravnotežje, nekateri tudi vadbo proti uporu in poskoke. Proprioceptivno funkcijo so neposredno ocenjevali le v štirih raziskavah. Po proprioceptivni vadbi so se izboljšali občutek za položaj in gibanje sklepa, ravnotežje, hitrost hoje, jakost mišic in funkcioniranje, zmanjšala se je pojavnost ponovnih poškodb. Zaključki: Proprioceptivna vadba je po sestavi programov raznolika. Lahko je učinkovita pri različnih skupinah preiskovancev. Potrebnih je več dobro načrtovanih randomiziranih kontroliranih poskusov, s katerimi bi primerjali različno vsebino programov, pa tudi trajanje in frekvenco vadbe.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:propriocepcija, vadbeni protokoli, spodnji ud, proprioceptivna vadba, fizioterapija
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2016
Number of pages:str. 50-58
Numbering:Letn. 24, št. 2
UDC:615.825
ISSN on article:1318-2102
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-IR0IYXA7
COBISS.SI-ID:5208427 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:73
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Fizioterapija
Shortened title:Fizioterapija
Publisher:Društvo fizioterapevtov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-2102
COBISS.SI-ID:30074880 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The content and effectiveness of proprioceptive training programmes for the lower limbs - literature review
Abstract:
Background: The training of which the goal is to improve the sensory-motor system through stimulation of the proprioceptors activity is often used in physiotherapy, but its content is not clearly defined. The purpose of the literature review was to establish the content of the programs for the lower limbs, which the authors named proprioceptive training, and their effects. Methods: A literature review was conducted using databases PubMed and CINAHL. Results: 10 controlled studies, of which four were randomized controlled trials, were included. Studies were conducted on athletes, elderly, and patients with the knee osteoarthritis, ankle sprains, and multiple sclerosis. Training programs varied from 2 to 12 weeks, twice to five times a week for 20 to 60 minutes. In all the programs, balance training was included, and in some muscle strength training and jumps. Proprioceptive function was indirectly assessed in four studies only. After proprioceptive training, improvement of proprioceptive function, balance, walking speed, muscle strength, and functioning, as well as decreased reinjures were reported. Conclusions: The content of proprioceptive training programmes is diverse. They can be effective in different subjects groups. Well-designed randomised controlled trials to compare different contents, durations and frequencies of proprioceptive training programmes are needed.

Keywords:proprioception, training protocols, lower limb, training program, physiotherapy

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