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Model večkomponentne, v ravnotežje usmerjene vadbe pri starostnikih
Rugelj, Darja (Author)

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Abstract
V ravnotežje usmerjena vadba je sestavni del fizioterapevtskih programov za vzpostavljanje in vzdrževanje funkcijske premičnosti starejših oseb in oseb z različnimi okvarami osrednjega in perifernega živčevja. Namen članka je predstaviti model večkomponentne, v ravnotežje usmerjene vadbe, ki temelji na modelu sistemov uravnavanja gibanja in teoriji motoričnega učenja. Predstavljeni model vadbe spodbuja šest sistemov, ki sodelujejo pri uravnavanju ravnotežja: živčno-mišične sinergije, senzorične sinergije, mišično-kostne komponente, stabilnost med gibanjem, spoznavna komponenta in ovire v okolju. Za izvajanje opisanega modela vadbe je najbolj primerna organizacijska shema krožne vadbe, ki omogoča prilagajanje poudarkov, skladno s potrebami in napredovanjem obravnavane skupine. Zaključimo lahko, da je na izsledkih temelječa večkomponentna, v ravnotežje usmerjena vadba učinkovita za ohranjevanje in izboljšanje ravnotežja ter za zmanjševanje dejavnikov tveganja za padce. Krožna vadba omogoča vadbo številnih različnih komponent ravnotežja v eni vadbeni enoti. Za njegovo učinkovitost je treba zagotoviti zadostno pogostost in trajanje vadbe.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ravnotežje, večkomponentna vadba, krožna vadba, starostniki
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2016
Number of pages:str. 60-70
Numbering:Letn. 24, št. 1
UDC:615.825:796.012.266-053.9
ISSN on article:1318-2102
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-Z2IQ67RR
COBISS.SI-ID:5064043 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:45
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Fizioterapija
Shortened title:Fizioterapija
Publisher:Društvo fizioterapevtov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-2102
COBISS.SI-ID:30074880 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The model of multicomponent balance exercise programme for elderly
Abstract:
The balance specific exercise is an integral part of physiotherapy programmes for the improvement and maintenance of functional mobility of older persons and persons with various impairments of the central and peripheral nervous systems. The purpose of this article is to present a model of multi-component balance specific exercise. This exercise programme is based on the system model of motor control and motor learning theory. The presented model of exercise programme promotes six systems involved in balance control: neuromuscular synergies, sensory synergies, musculoskeletal component, stability during movement, cognitive component and the environment. For the implementation of the above described model most suitable organisational form is the circuit training that allows the adjustment of the emphasise according to the needs and functional level of the group. Evidence-based multicomponent balance specific exercise is effective for maintaining and improving balance and reducing the risk factors for falls. With circuit training a number of different components can be simultaneously addressed in one training unit. For its effectiveness, it is necessary to provide sufficient exercise frequency and duration.

Keywords:balance, multi-component exercise, circuit training, elderly

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