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Identifikacija učinkovitih pristopov promoviranja krvodajalstva med mladimi v izbranih krajih v Sloveniji, kjer ni srednjih šol : diplomsko delo
Žust, Špela (Author), Slabe, Damjan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Novak, Boštjan (Co-mentor), Ovijač, Darja (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Kri je bistvenega pomena za življenje, zato je pomembno, da je je v medicini vedno dovolj. Kljub razvijajoči se znanosti znanstveniki še vedno niso uspeli narediti umetne krvi. Njen glavni vir so krvodajalci, za pridobivanje teh pa je v Sloveniji zadolžen Rdeči križ Slovenije (RKS). Ker se populacija in z njo tudi krvodajalci starajo, je zelo pomembno za krvodajalstvo motivirati mlade, da bi se jih čim več odločilo za darovanje krvi. Namen: Raziskati načine promoviranja krvodajalstva med mladimi v izbranih krajih v Sloveniji, kjer nimajo srednjih šol. Ugotavljali smo tudi, s katerimi ovirami se RKS spopada pri promoviranju krvodajalstva mladim in katere druge institucije jim pri promoviranju tudi pomagajo. Metode dela: V teoretičnem delu smo s pomočjo podatkovnih baz PubMed/Medline, ScienceDirect, Cinahl in Cochrane Online Library naredili pregled domače in tuje strokovne ter znanstvene literature, izdane v obdobju od 2010 do 2020. V empiričnem delu smo naredili delno strukturiran intervju s strokovnimi sodelavci, ki so odgovorni za pridobivanje krvodajalcev. Intervju smo izvedli v osmih izbranih območnih združenjih RKS, ki v svojih občinah nimajo srednje šole. Intervjuvance smo spraševali po uspešnih načinih privabljanja mladih na krvodajalstvo, s katerimi ovirami in izzivi se pri tem srečujejo in katere druge institucije še vključujejo k promoviranju krvodajalstva mladim. Pridobljene podatke smo obdelali s pomočjo programa Atlas.ti. Rezultati: Intervjuvanci so izpostavili, da uporabljajo veliko načinov pridobivanja mladih za krvodajalstvo, in sicer predavanja in krvodajalske akcije na osnovnih šolah, uporaba medijev in spletnih strani, pošiljanje elektronskih in osebnih vabil ter vabil v gospodinjstva, promoviranje na predavanjih gasilcev, raznih društev itd. Srečujejo se tudi z različnimi ovirami, ki pa jih nekateri bolj, drugi manj uspešno rešujejo. Pri promoviranju krvodajalstva mladim vključujejo različne institucije, in sicer osnovne šole, študentske klube, mladinske centre, občine, gasilce, policijo, razna društva in klube, organizacije, podjetja, cerkev in zdravstvene domove. Razprava in zaključek: Ugotovljeno je, da območna združenja RKS za promoviranje krvodajalstva mladim uporabljajo veliko različnih načinov in vključujejo veliko različnih institucij, ki z njimi sodelujejo na raznovrstne načine. Prav tako je ugotovljeno tudi, da količina različnih uporabljenih načinov bistveno ne vpliva na število krvodajalcev, ki jih imajo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:diplomska dela, zdravstvena nega, pomoč sočloveku, darovanje krvi, mladi, Rdeči križ Slovenije, informiranje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[Š. Žust]
Number of pages:38 str.
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:5784683 This link opens in a new window
Views:532
Downloads:281
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Identification of effective approaches of promoting blood donation among young people in selected places in Slovenia without secondary schools : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Blood is necessary for life, which is why it is very important that hospitals always have enough of blood supplies. Even though science is constantly improving, scientists have not yet managed to produce artificial blood. Its main source is blood donors and in Slovenia, the Red Cross provides them. Since people are getting older and older, they cannot donate blood anymore, therefore, it is very important to motivate young people to donate it. Purpose: The aim of the paper is to explore ways of how to promote donating blood among young people in selected places in Slovenia where there are no secondary schools. We studied what obstacles the Red Cross has to face while promoting blood donation among young people and which institutions help them in doing so. Methods: In the theoretical part, we made a review of Slovene, foreign and scientific literature that was issued between 2010 and 2020 with the help of web search engines, such as PubMed/Medline, ScienceDirect, Cinahl and Cochrane Online Library. In the empirical part of the paper, we conducted an interview with professional workers who are responsible for attracting blood donors in the selected areas of local Red Cross associations with no secondary schools. The interviewees were asked about successful ways of getting young people to donate as well as about the obstacles and institutions that may help them. The information obtained was processed with the help of Atlas.ti. Results: The interviewees said that they use many methods of attracting young people to donate, such as lectures and blood donor actions at primary schools, using media and web pages, sending e-mails and invitations to households, promoting at presentations at fire stations, different associations, etc. They face many obstacles that are usually successfully resolved, but not all. By promoting blood donation among young people, they get help from many institutions: primary schools, student clubs, youth centres, municipalities, firefighters, the police, associations and organizations, businesses, churches and health centres. Discussion and conclusion: We concluded that the Red Cross organizations use many different methods and institutions that work with them to promote blood donation. We also concluded that quantity of different methods does not improve the number of donors they have.

Keywords:diploma theses, nursing care, helping others, blood donation, young people, Red Cross of Slovenia, providing information

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