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Tisk s tiskarsko barvo ekstrakta japonskega dresnika
Vidergar, Tjaša (Author), Klančnik, Maja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Namen diplomske naloge je bil pripraviti sitotiskarsko barvo z naravnim barvilom, pridobljenim iz korenike japonskega dresnika in preveriti njeno uporabnost za tiskanje na papir in tekstil. Pripravljene so bile tiskarske barve v šestih različnih koncentracijah barvila. Za tiskanje so bili uporabljeni: 4 papirji, izdelani iz stebla japonskega dresnika različnih gramatur, 2 papirja, ki sta namenjena široki uporabi, en iz primarne celuloze in en iz sekundarne celuloze ter bombažna in poliestrna tkanina. Vsi potiskani vzorci so bili barvnometrično ovrednoteni. Na odtisih papirjev so bile preverjene obstojnosti na drgnjenje in barvne obstojnosti na svetlobo, na odtisih tekstilnih vzorcev pa poleg svetlobnih obstojnosti in obstojnosti na drgnjenje, še obstojnosti na mokro likanje in gospodinjsko pranje. Vsi odtisi s pripravljeno tiskarsko barvo so na vseh tiskovnih materialih rumene barve. Odtisi so po osvetljevanju potemneli in prešli v oranžno-rjavo barvo, temnenje je bilo večje pri odtisih večjih koncentracij barvila. Obstojnosti odtisov na tkaninah na pranje in na druge mokre obdelave so zelo slabe, kar omejuje uporabo tiskarske barve za tisk na tkanine. Vsi odtisi na papirjih so zelo dobro odporni na suho drgnjenje, odtisi na bombažni in poliestrni tkanini imajo odlične obstojnosti na suho drgnjenje in slabše obstojnosti na mokro drgnjenje. Obstojnost barve odtisov na bombažni in poliestrni tkanini na mokro-vroče likanje je dobra le pri najnižji koncentraciji barvila v tiskarski barvi.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:naravno barvilo, tiskarska barva, japonski dresnik, barvne obstojnosti, barvna metrika
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Year:2020
Views:361
Downloads:161
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Printing with printing ink of japanese knotweed extract
Abstract:
The purpose of this diploma thesis was to prepare a screen printing ink with a natural colourant obtained from the rhizome of the Japanese knotweed and to check its applicability for printing on paper and textiles. Printing inks were prepared in six different dye concentrations. The following materials were used for printing: 4 papers made from the stem of a Japanese knotweed of different grammage, 2 papers meant for general use (one from primary cellulose and one from secondary cellulose), cotton and polyester fabric. All printed samples were colourimetrically evaluated. The prints of the papers were checked for rubbing resistance and tested for colour fastness to light. The textile prints were, in addition to light and rubbing resistance, also checked for resistance to wet ironing and household washing. All prints with ready-made printing ink are coloured yellow on all printing materials. After being exposed to artificial light the prints darkened and turned to orange-brown colour. The darkening was greater with the prints who had higher concentrations of the dye. The durability of the prints on fabrics for washing and other wet treatments is very poor, which limits the use of printing ink for printing on fabrics. All paper prints are very resistant to dry rubbing; cotton and polyester fabric prints also have excellent resistance to dry rubbing, but their wet rubbing resistance is quite poor. The colour fastness of the prints on cotton and polyester fabric to wet-hot ironing is good only with the lowest ink concentration in the printing ink.

Keywords:natural dye, printing ink, Japanese knotweed, colour fastness, colourimetry

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