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Large carnivore damage in Europe : analysis of compensation and prevention programs
ID Bautista, Carlos (Author), ID Revilla, Eloy (Author), ID Naves, Javier (Author), ID Albrecht, Jörg (Author), ID Fernandez, Nestor (Author), ID Olszanska, Agneszka (Author), ID Adamec, Michal (Author), ID Berezowska-Cnota, Teresa (Author), ID Ciucci, Paolo (Author), ID Groff, Claudio (Author), ID Jerina, Klemen (Author), ID Jonozovič, Marko (Author)

URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.04.019 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
The mitigation of conflicts associated with large carnivore damage to livestock and agriculture is pivotal to their conservation. We evaluate current programs to compensate and prevent large carnivore damage in 27 European countries and the factors related to the economic costs of these programs. Overall, high compensation costs are associated with free-ranging livestock (68% of total costs) and with national economic wealth. Contrary to general belief, the return of large carnivores does not always translate into higher compensation costs. We identify a tendency towards prioritizing compensation over prevention; only a few wealthy countries pay the majority of the money allocated for prevention programs to adapt husbandry practices to the presence of large carnivores. We conclude that programs mainly focused on paying large compensation amounts will often fail to build tolerance towards predators. To mitigate conflicts and optimize the cost-effectiveness of publicly funded measures, responsible agencies should be proactive, focus on prevention-based policies and periodically evaluate the effectiveness of compensation and prevention programs in an adaptive manner. With this purpose and to identify further solutions for conflict mitigation, we call for a pan-European database of damage occurrence, management actions and associated costs.

Language:English
Keywords:compensation programs, damage prevention, human-wildlife conflict, large carnivore conservation, wildlife managemen
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:Str. 308-316
Numbering:Vol. 235
UDC:630*15:630*45
ISSN on article:0006-3207
DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2019.04.019 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:5383846 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:19.02.2020
Views:431
Downloads:133
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Biological Conservation
Shortened title:Biol. Conserv.
Publisher:Applied Science Publishers
ISSN:0006-3207
COBISS.SI-ID:26719232 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:odškodninski sistemi, preprečevanje škod, konflikti, ohranjanje velikih zveri, upravljanje živali

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