Public attitudes toward environmental protection in the most developed countries: : the environmental concern Kuznets curve theory
Ficko, Andrej (Author), Bončina, Andrej (Author)

URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.10.087 This link opens in a new window

This paper presents the Environmental Concern Kuznets Curve (ECKC) theory about decreasing environmental concern in the most developed and protected area-rich countries. We analyzed the relationship between the protected area (PA) coverage, environmental concern and GDP per capita in the 42 most developed countries in the 1990s, 2000s and 2010s. Our conclusion is that 1) as countries develop, environmental protection becomes less dependent on economic development; 2) at high levels of economic development, environmental concern decreases; 3) environmental concern reaches a maximum at 20%30% of PA coverage and decreases beyond this point. The influence of human values and factors at the local level was determined by a national survey (n%=%999) on public attitudes toward greater conservation of forests in Slovenia. The results comply with the ECKC theory; the higher the naturalness of forests in the surroundings of a respondent's home, the lower the support for greater conservation. However, the study suggests that human values play a prominent role. Support for conservation largely depended on the respondents' general attitude toward forest cover and growing stock, harvesting intensities, satisfaction with the level of control in forests and concern for the population of protected brown bears. The general belief that ecosystems are fragile and there are limits to growth increased support for conservation by 33%. We conclude that the environment in the most developed countries is likely to experience increasing pressure due to decreasing environmental concern and its decoupling from objective problems.

Keywords:public participation in science, invasive species, monitoring, public awareness, visualisation, communication, conservation
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Number of pages:str. 968-981
Numbering:Vol. 231, iss. 1
ISSN on article:0301-4797
DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.10.087 Link is opened in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:5248678 Link is opened in a new window
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of environmental management
Shortened title:J. environ. manag.
Publisher:Academic Press
COBISS.SI-ID:720405 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Keywords:okoljska zavest, javno mnenje, zavarovanje gozdov, okoljska psihologija, razviti svet, Slovenija, nova ekološka paradigma

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