Free food for everyone : artificial feeding of brown bears provides food for many non-target species
ID Fležar, Urša (Author), ID Costa, Beatriz (Author), ID Bordjan, Dejan (Author), ID Jerina, Klemen (Author), ID Krofel, Miha (Author)

URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-018-1237-3 This link opens in a new window

Artificial feeding of wildlife is a widely used tool for a range of conservation and management goals. While the effects of artificial feeding on target species have been studied rather extensively, little is known about its effects on non-target species. We used automatic video surveillance to monitor the vertebrate species using artificial feeding sites (n=20) established primarily for brown bears (Ursus arctos) in Dinaric Mountains, Slovenia. We also studied how type of artificial food (only plant-based food vs. mixed food including carrion) affects the species diversity and assemblage at the feeding sites. In total, we analyzed 117,566 recordings and identified 23 vertebrate taxa, including the brown bear, using the feeding sites. Brown bear, European badger (Meles meles), and red fox (Vulpes vulpes) were the most frequently recorded species. Birds represented a substantial part (46%) of vertebrate community using the feeding sites, including species of a high conservation importance. Feeding sites were regularly used also by species for which intentional artificial feeding is forbidden in study area (e.g., roe deer Capreolus capreolus). Species diversity at the feeding sites was highest in spring while species composition varied both seasonally and according to the type of artificial food (with or without carrion). Our study indicates that artificial feeding affects numerous non-target species, which could have several ecological and management-relevant effects, including potentially undesired consequences. Artificial feeding of wildlife should be carefully planned and we provide recommendations on how to mitigate the side effects on non-target species.

Keywords:anthropogenic food, wildlife feeding, non-target species, brown bear, Ursus arctos, camera traps
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:13 str.
Numbering:Vol. 65, iss. 1
ISSN on article:1612-4642
DOI:10.1007/s10344-018-1237-3 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:5290150 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:19.02.2020
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:European journal of wildlife research
Shortened title:Eur. J. Wildlife Res.
Publisher:Springer-Verlag Heidelberg
COBISS.SI-ID:1188262 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Keywords:antropogena hrana, krmljenje živali, ne-tarčne vrste, rjavi medved, Ursus arctos, foto pasti

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