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Pogled na vojno v Sloveniji skozi teorijo pravične vojne : magistrsko delo
Šebjanič, Danijela (Author), Garb, Maja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Dve tisočletji stara teorija pravične vojne pravi, da je zatekanje k vojni pravično le v primeru, da za to obstaja upravičen razlog, da sta pri tem upoštevani načeli sorazmerne uporabe moči in pravičnega ravnanja v vojni, da so bila predhodno pretehtana in izčrpana vsa pravna sredstva ter alternativni ukrepi, ultimativni cilj vojne pa mora biti mir. Poleg tega jo mora razglasiti legitimna avtoriteta, vsa (predvidena) škoda pa mora odtehtati (predvideno) korist, ki bi jo vojna prinesla. V magistrski nalogi sem skušala omenjeno teorijo aplicirati na vojno v Sloveniji leta 1991 in objektivno oceniti pravičnost le-te. Pri tem sem si pomagala tudi z intervjuvanjem oseb, ki so v omenjeni vojni imele vidnejšo vlogo in imajo pogled na njo iz nekoliko širše družboslovne perspektive. Ugotovitve kažejo, da je veliko lažje utemeljiti ad bellum kriterije kot in bello. Dejstvo je, da se v vsaki vojni najdejo posamezniki, ki v njej vidijo priložnost za potešitev svoje krvoločnosti in velikokrat delujejo iz objestnosti. Zgolj razsodnost in razumnost nekaterih častnikov na obeh straneh je preprečila posledice, kakršnim smo v letih, ki so sledila, bili priča na ozemlju bivše Jugoslavije. Le dovolj velika časovna distanca, nepristranskost in dostop do vseh arhiviranih dokumentov lahko ustvari pravo sliko dogajanja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:teorija pravične vojne, vojna v Sloveniji, JLA, Teritorialna obramba
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2020
Publisher:[D. Šebjanič]
Number of pages:83 str.
UDC:316.485.26(497.4)(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:36623453 This link opens in a new window
Views:482
Downloads:205
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:War in Slovenia through the Eyes of Just War Theory
Abstract:
The two-thousand-year-old just war theory states that resorting to war is only fair if there is a justifiable reason for it, that the principles of proportional use of force and fair dealing in war are respected, that all legal means and alternative measures have been weighed and exhausted earlier and that the ultimate goal of war must be peace. Moreover, it must be proclaimed by a legitimate authority, and all (foreseeable) damage must outweigh the (foreseeable) benefit that war would bring. The aim of my master`s thesis was to apply the mentioned theory to the war in Slovenia in 1991 and evaluate objectively its justness. I interviewed people who have had a more prominent role during the war and have a slightly broader, sociological perspective on it. The findings suggest that it is much easier to justify ad bellum criteria than in bello. It is a fact that in every war there are individuals who see an opportunity to quench their thirst for blood and often act out of arrogance. Only the prudence and reasonableness of some of the officers on both sides prevented the consequences that we have witnessed on the territory of former Yugoslavia in the years that followed. Only enough time distance, objectivity and access to all archived documents can create a true picture of what has been going on during the war.

Keywords:Just War Theory, War in Slovenia, YPA, Territorial Defense

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