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Evalvacija uporabe slikovnega in video gradiva primerov poškodb pri usposabljanju laikov iz prve pomoči : magistrsko delo
Lavrič, Ana (Author), Kovačič, Uroš (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Slabe, Damjan (Co-mentor), Gošnak Dahmane, Raja (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Uvod: Prevladuje mnenje, da spadajo med bolj uspešne metode poučevanja prve pomoči realistični prikaz poškodb ter imitacija stanj poškodovanih in simulacija različnih nezgod. Slednje ima ob svojih prednostih tudi omejitve. Te so predvsem daljši čas priprave in izvedbe usposabljanja ter potrebna oprema in usposobljenost imitatorjev. To lahko vsaj deloma nadomestimo z uporabo slikovnega in video gradiva. Namen: Ovrednotiti, kako udeleženci tečajev in predavatelji ocenjujejo uporabnost slik in video posnetkov realističnih primerov poškodb pri usposabljanju laikov iz prve pomoči. Preverili smo hipotezo: »Laiki ocenjujejo, da je uporaba fotografij in video gradiva primerov težjih poškodb pri usposabljanju iz prve pomoči koristna in pomembno doprinese k osvojenemu znanju«. Metode dela: Oblikovali smo enotno PowerPoint predstavitev prve pomoči pri ranah ter poškodbah kosti in sklepov, ki so jo uporabili predavatelji prve pomoči na desetih tečajih za laike v različnih krajih po Sloveniji. Zbiranje podatkov v okviru deskriptivne metode raziskovanja je potekalo z anonimnim evalvacijskim vprašalnikom o videni predstavitvi, ki so ga izpolnili udeleženci na koncu usposabljanja. Sočasno z evalvacijskim vprašalnikom smo izvedli delno strukturirane intervjuje z licenciranimi predavatelji prve pomoči, kjer smo ugotavljali, kako ocenjujejo uporabnost slik in video prikazov realističnih primerov poškodb kot didaktično sredstvo pri usposabljanju laikov iz prve pomoči. Rezultati: Evalvacijski vprašalnik je izpolnilo 229 tečajnikov, opravili pa smo tudi devet intervjujev z licenciranimi predavatelji prve pomoči. Udeleženci tečajev so ocenili uporabo različnega slikovnega gradiva kot zelo koristno. Tečajniki so ocenili, da uporaba skic primerov poškodb v primerjavi z barvnimi fotografijami in video materiali v večji meri prispeva k boljšemu razumevanju ukrepov prve pomoči. So pa vseeno ocenili, da fotografije in predvsem video gradivo največ doprinesejo k osvojenemu znanju na tečajih prve pomoči. Končno so tečajniki tudi ob upoštevanju morebitnih neprijetnih občutkov ob pogledu na realistične primere kot najbolj ustrezne in koristne ovrednotili videoposnetke, kot najmanj ustrezne pa skice poškodb. Kar 89 % tečajnikov se je jasno opredelilo, da je uporaba realističnih primerov poškodb koristna. Tudi licencirani predavatelji pozitivno vrednotijo uporabo slikovnega in video gradiva realističnih primerov poškodb. Razprava in zaključek: Pri usposabljanju laikov iz prve pomoči je smotrna zaporedna uporaba vsega slikovnega gradiva (po konceptu postopnosti – prikaz poškodb na shematski način, nato realne fotografije in na koncu še video posnetki realnih primerov poškodb).

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:magistrska dela, zdravstvena nega, prva pomoč, laiki, usposabljanje, slikovno gradivo, psihološki odzivi, fiziološki odzivi, čustveni odzivi
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2020
Publisher:[A. Lavrič]
Number of pages:52 str., [8] str. pril.
UDC:616-083
COBISS.SI-ID:5778795 Link is opened in a new window
Views:335
Downloads:132
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Evaluation of using pictures and videos of injury cases for laymen first aid training : master thesis
Abstract:
Introduction: According to the prevailing opinion, among teaching methods that are the most successful are the realistic display of injuries and the imitation of conditions of injured people and the simulation of various accidents. The latter has next to its advantages also certain shortcomings. These are, above all, longer times of preparation and execution of training and the necessary equipment and qualified imitators, what we can partly replace by the use of image and video material. Purpose: To evaluate how course participants and lecturers estimate the usefulness of images and video clips of realistic injuries examples in the training of laymen in first aid. We checked the hypothesis: »Laymen estimate that the usage of images and video material of more serious injuries in first aid training is useful and contributes significantly to the acquired knowledge.« Methods: We formed the unified PowerPoint presentation of giving first aid at the wounds and bones and joints injuries. The first aid lecturers used the PowerPoint presentations on ten courses for laymen in various places across Slovenia. Data collecting within the descriptive method of research took place by an anonymous evaluation questionnaire about the seen presentation fulfilled by the participants at the end of training course. Simultaneously with the evaluation questionnaire, we performed partly structured interviews with the licensed first aid lecturers to find out how they estimate the usefulness of images and video clips of realistic injuries examples as didactic means for first aid training of laymen. Results: The evaluation questionnaire fulfilled 229 course participants. We performed nine interviews with the licensed first aid lecturers. The course participants estimated the use of various image material as very beneficial. The course participants also estimated that the usage of sketches of injuries, compared to color photography and video materials in greater extent contributes to better understanding of the first aid measures. Nevertheless, on the other hand, they estimated that the images and above all, video material are the most beneficial for the acquired knowledge of the first aid courses. Finally, the participants taking into consideration eventual unpleasant feelings while looking at the realistic cases estimated that the most suitable and useful are the video clips and the least suitable are the sketches of injuries. No less than 89 % of participants clearly stated that the use of realistic examples of injuries is useful. The licensed lecturers positively evaluate the usage of the image and video material of realistic injury cases. Discussion and conclusion: At first aid training of laymen, the successive use of all image material is sensible (by the concept of gradualness – schematic review of injuries, then the real case photography and on the end video clips of real injury examples).

Keywords:master theses, nursing care, first aid, laymen, training, image material, psychological reactions, physiological reactions, emotional reactions

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