Appearance of acute bee paralysis virus, black queen cell virus and deformed wing virus in Carnolian honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica) queen rearing
ID Žvokelj, Lucija (Author), ID Bakonyi, Tamás (Author), ID Korošec, Tamara (Author), ID Gregorc, Aleš (Author)

URLURL - Source URL, Visit https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00218839.2019.1681115 This link opens in a new window

We studied the appearance of acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), black queen cell virus (BQCV) and deformed wing virus (DWV) in workers and queens during queen rearing. Different castes (i.e., workers, attendant workers, and queens) and colony materials (i.e. adult tissue and faeces) underwent virus testing. First, newly emerged queens were tested for the three viruses. Second, we tested for these same three viruses in queen faeces, offspring, and attendant workers. These bees were gathered 3, 6 and 9 weeks from mating nuclei after queen cells were introduced. Viruses occurred sporadically during stages of queen development; for instance, queen larvae may test positive for viruses, whereas pupae tested negative, and vice versa. In the first year of experiment in all samples of workers in mating nucs BQCV was detected, while the prevalence of the same virus in queens was 50%. Next year the prevalence of BQCV in mating nuclei was low, i.e. 4,2%, all queen samples were negative for BQCV. Thirteen queen samples (72%) were positive for DWV in the second year of experiment. Although DWV was detected in queens and queen faeces, workers from the same nucleus were often free of DWV. ABPV appearance in queens was among the rarest of the tested viruses. Our results indicate that these three honey bee viruses are present when rearing queens, yet appear benign to infected bees.

Keywords:Animal diseases - epidemiology, insect viruses - diagnosis, real-time polymerase chain reaction - veterinary, bees - virology
Work type:Article
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:VF - Veterinary Faculty
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Author Accepted Manuscript
Number of pages:Str. 53-58
Numbering:Vol. 59, no. 1
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-113786 This link opens in a new window
ISSN on article:0021-8839
DOI:10.1080/00218839.2019.1681115 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:4894842 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:04.02.2020
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Journal of Apicultural Research
Shortened title:J. Apic. Res.
Publisher:Bee Research Association
COBISS.SI-ID:25705984 This link opens in a new window


License:CC BY-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Description:Under the NoDerivatives Creative Commons license one can take a work released under this license and re-distribute it, but it cannot be shared with others in adapted form, and credit must be provided to the author.
Licensing start date:04.02.2020


Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J4-2299
Name:Vpliv spor noseme in virusov na razvoj in dolgoživost kranjske čebele, Apis mellifera carnica

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P1-0164
Name:Raziskave za zagotavljanje varne hrane in zdravja

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