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Overheating reduction in lightweight framed buildings with application of phase change materials
Zavrl, Eva (Author), Zupanc, Gašper (Author), Stritih, Uroš (Author), Dovjak, Mateja (Author)

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Abstract
The trend of lightweight framed building structures is gaining in popularity. Due to lower accumulation capability and thermal stability, buildings might be inclined to higher risk of overheating. The purpose of this study is to investigate overheating in lightweight framed buildings from the aspect of thermal comfort and energy efficiency in cooling season. Single-family house was modelled using DesignBuilder and located in moderate climate (Ljubljana, Slovenia). Heavyweight structure was compared to lightweight structure coupled with all 14 variations of phase change materials (PCM). Different strategies of PCM encapsulation (microencapsulated plasterboards, macroencapsulated additional layer), melting points (23 °C, 24 °C, 25 °C, 26 °C, 27 °C), capacities (M182, M91 M51, M27) and thicknesses (125 mm, 250 mm) of PCM were investigated and compared. The best passive solution was primarily evaluated based on the thermal comfort characteristics: average zone operative temperature (To) bends in cooling season. Secondarily, the additional energy needed for cooling within each solution was compared to the maximum allowed annual energy consumed for cooling specified in legislation. Consequently, the most influential parameter was the melting point of the PCM structure. Based on the chosen criteria, the overheating was significantly reduced using macroencapsulated layer with melting point of 24 °C and minimum capacity of M51 (max. To 26.3 °C). Heavyweight structure enabled lower To (27.1 °C) in the building compared to microencapsulated plasterboard solution with melting point at 23°C and thickness of 250 mm (28.8 °C). Correctly designed passive solution can be used for the improvement of the design strategy and legislation towards overheating prevention.

Language:English
Keywords:overheating, lightweight framed buildings, phase change materials, thermal comfort, energy efficiency
Work type:Article (dk_c)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year:2020
Number of pages:str. 3-14
Numbering:Vol. 66, no. 1
UDC:620.9(045)
ISSN on article:0039-2480
DOI:10.5545/sv-jme.2019.6244 Link is opened in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:17015835 Link is opened in a new window
Views:182
Downloads:261
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Strojniški vestnik
Shortened title:Stroj. vestn.
Publisher:Zveza strojnih inženirjev in tehnikov Slovenije [et al.], = Association of Mechanical Engineers and Technicians of Slovenia [et al.]
ISSN:0039-2480
COBISS.SI-ID:762116 This link opens in a new window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P2-0158
Name:Gradbene konstrukcije in gradbena fizika

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P2-0223
Name:Prenos toplote in snovi

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:pregrevanje, lahka gradnja, fazno spremenljive snovi, toplotno ugodje, raba energije

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