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Dejanja Frankov in drugih na poti v Jeruzalem. Kronika 1. križarske vojne (1096-1099) neznanega avtorja
Lovenjak, Milan (Author), Movrin, David (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V magistrskem delu je obravnavan latinski spis z naslovom Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolymitanorum, ki opisuje dogodke 1. križarske vojne. Kroniko, ki jo je ok 1100-1101 napisal nek neznani avtor, so kot vir uporabljali številni poznejši pisci. V prvem delu so predstavljeni zgodovinsko ozadje, drugi avtorji, ki pišejo o 1. križarski vojni, kaj je znanega o anonimnem piscu, posebnosti njegovega jezika in stila in rokopisno izročilo, v drugem delu pa latinsko besedilo s komentarjem in prevodom v slovenski jezik. V komentarju so obrazložena težje razumljiva mesta, geografski pojmi, nastopajoče osebe in kronološka vprašanja. Jezik anonimnega pisca vsebuje elemente klasične, srebrne in pozne latinščine, je zgoščen, razumljiv, vendar stilno precej neizbrušen. Zapletenejše stavčne konstrukcije so redke, besedotvorje in skladnja pa glede na klasično normo precej poenostavljeni. Avtorjeva značilnost so tudi razne poenostavitve, na primer izpuščanje h-ja in spreminjanje diftongov v samoglasnike, uporablja pa tudi jezik poezije, liturgije in Svetega pisma. Poleg svetopisemskih citatov so v pripoved vpletene tudi čudežne zgodbe, ki jih avtor razume kot poseg boga, ki naj bi želel pomagati križarjem. Razmeroma pogosta je tudi uporaba premega govora, bodisi s kratkimi citati, posamičnimi stavki ali tudi z nekoliko daljšimi govori posameznikov. V jezikovnem pogledu predstavlja spis Gesta Francorum odličen primer latinščine v času njenega postopnega prehoda v romanske jezike.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:latinska filologija, zgodovinopisje, srednjeveška latinščina, zgodovina srednjega veka, križarske vojne
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2020
Views:320
Downloads:163
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The deeds of the Franks and of the other Jerusalemers. A chronicle of the First Crusade (1096-1099) by an anonymous author
Abstract:
The master's thesis deals with the chronicle of the First Crusade by an anonymous author entitled Gesta Francorum et aliorum Hierosolymitanorum. Composed ca. 1100-1101 this account was used by many later writers as a source. The first part of the thesis examines the historical background, other writen sources for the First Crusade, what is known about the anonymous author, the peculiarities of his language and style and manuscript tradition. The second part presents the Latin text of the original, translation into Slovene and commentary. In the commentary more complex issues, geographical terms, persons and chronological questions are explained. The anonymous writer's language contains elements of classical, silver and late Latin. It is concise, understandable, but stylistically either rough, unpolished and unadorned. The sentences are rarely complex, the vocabulary is relatively limited. The author features various simplifications, such as omitting of h, switching diphthongs to vowels and uses also the language of poetry, liturgy and the Bible. In addition to quotations from the Bible, the narrative contains also various stories of miraculous events of which he was convicted that God intervened to help the crusaders. Direct speech is used relatively often, either with short quotations, individual sentences, or even slightly longer speeches by individuals. It is clear that the standards of the Latinity used in the Gesta Francorum belong to the time when Latin was gradualy turning into Romance.

Keywords:Latin philology, historiography, Medieval Latin, History of the Middle Ages, crusades

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