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Transparentnost v postopkih varstva konkurence pred Evropsko komisijo
Činč, Maja (Author), Podobnik, Klemen (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Evropska komisija v okviru funkcije varuha konkurence na notranjem trgu Evropske unije skrbi za razvoj in politiko evropskega konkurenčnega prava. Hkrati si z nacionalnimi konkurenčnimi organi deli pristojnost za vodenje postopkov antitrusta in nadzora nad koncentracijami. Tekom teh postopkov pridobi veliko občutljivih in zaupnih informacij o gospodarskih družbah. Tretje osebe so v zadnjih letih poskušale uporabiti različne mehanizme z namenom doseči razkritje dokumentov iz spisa Komisije, med drugim z uporabo pravice do dostopa javnosti do dokumentov, urejene z Uredbo 1049/2001 o dostopu javnosti do dokumentov Evropskega parlamenta, Sveta in Komisije. Komisija ni bila naklonjena razkritju dokumentov in se je sklicevala na izjeme glede dostopa do dokumentov in neskladnost dostopa z uredbami s področja konkurenčnega prava, ki jo zavezujejo k spoštovanju zaščite poslovnih skrivnosti subjektov postopka. Koncept dostopa do dokumentov Evropske komisije je povezan s trendom zasebnopravnega uveljavljanja konkurence, saj asimetrija informacij oškodovancem predstavlja eno glavnih ovir pri dokazovanju škode v odškodninskih postopkih zaradi kršitev konkurence. S sklicevanjem na izjeme in zavrnitvijo dostopa do dokumentov je Komisija tako zamudila priložnost izravnave informacijske asimetrije in dala prednost javnopravnemu uveljavljanju konkurence. V nalogi s pomočjo sodne prakse, prakse Komisije in zakonodaje poskušam opisati politiko, ki jo Komisija EU vodi na področju dostopa do dokumentov iz spisov v postopkih varstva konkurence.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:transparentnost, konkurenčno pravo, javnopravno uveljavljanje konkurence, zasebnopravno uveljavljanje konkurence, informacijska asimetrija, razkritje dokumentov, dostop do spisa
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2020
COBISS.SI-ID:17136977 This link opens in a new window
Views:525
Downloads:148
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Transparency in competition law proceedings in front of the European Commission
Abstract:
As the guardian of the competition on the European Union single market, European Commission outlines the policy regarding development of EU competition law. It also conducts antitrust and merger control proceedings, for which it shares jurisdiction with national competition agencies. During these proceedings, European Commission acquires a great amount of sensitive and confidential information about undertakings that are subjects of the competition proceedings. In the past years, third parties have tried to use several tactics in the view of achieving access to the European Commission’s competition files, one of which was by making use of the right to public access to documents, regulated by Regulation 1049/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents. European Commission was not in favour of disclosure of documents under the aforementioned regulation and relied on exemptions regarding access to documents. It also argued a contrariness of the right to public access with regulations concerning competition law, which oblige the Commission to protect business secrets of the subjects of competition law procedures. The concept of access to Commission’s file is linked to the trend of private competition law enforcement, as information asymmetry that injured parties are exposed to is one of the main obstacles to proving damages in damages proceedings due to breach of competition law. By invoking exemptions and refusing access to documents, the Commission thus missed the opportunity to offset information asymmetries and prioritised public enforcement over private enforcement of competition. In this thesis, I use case law, Commission decisions and legislation to describe the policy pursued by the EU Commission in the area of access to documents in competition proceedings.

Keywords:transparency, competition law, public enforcement of competition law, private enforcement of competition law, information asymmetry, access to documents, access to file

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