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Prometne nesreče v nosečnosti : diplomsko delo
Žibert, Mateja (Author), Lučovnik, Miha (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Pavel, Nastja (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Uvod: Poškodbe zaradi prometnih nesreč predstavljajo enega izmed vodilnih vzrokov umrljivosti nosečnic. Pravilni način uporabe varnostnega pasu med nosečnostjo lahko pomembno zmanjša posledice in obseg poškodb, nastalih v prometni nesreči. Raziskave kljub temu kažejo, da predstavlja pravilna uporaba varnostnega pasu med nosečnostjo precejšnji javnozdravstveni problem predvsem zaradi pomanjkanja znanja ter informacij. Pomembno vlogo pri svetovanju ter obravnavi nosečnic imajo babice. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je pregled literature na temo prometnih nesreč v nosečnosti. Cilj diplomske naloge je ugotoviti, kakšen je vpliv pravilne rabe varnostnega pasu med nosečnostjo v primeru prometne nesreče. Poleg tega želimo ugotoviti, kakšna je vloga babice pri preprečevanju hudih posledic prometne nesreče. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo neempiričnega raziskovanja, ki je temeljila na pregledu literature. Literatura je bila iskana v angleškem in slovenskem jeziku v podatkovnih bazah COBISS, ScienceDirect, Medline, DiKul, CINAHL, Google Učenjak, Google Books, SAGE, Scopus, Wiley Online Library in Cochrane. Rezultati: Pravilna uporaba varnostnega pasu v nosečnosti pomembno zmanjša maternalno in perinatalno umrljivost. Babice imajo pomembno vlogo, da nosečnicam zagotovijo najnovejše informacije in natančne nasvete za skrb za varnost v prometu. Razprava in zaključek: Raziskave kažejo, da predstavlja oskrba poškodovane nosečnice posebne izzive za zdravstveno osebje. Velik delež nosečnic je mnenja, da v času nosečnosti niso prejele dovolj informacij o pravilni rabi varnostnega pasu. To temo bi bilo zato potrebno priključiti ostalim temam o zdravem načinu življenja v nosečnosti, ki so ženskam predstavljene že ob načrtovanju nosečnosti oz. na prvem pregledu v nosečnosti s strani babic in ostalih zdravstvenih delavcev.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:varnostni pas, nosečnost, poškodbe v nosečnosti, prva pomoč, oživljanje nosečnice
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5757547 Link is opened in a new window
Views:385
Downloads:163
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Motor vehicle accidents in pregnancy : bachelor's thesis
Abstract:
Introduction: Injuries from motor vehicle accidents are one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. Proper use of seatbelts has been shown to significantly reduce the consequences and extent of injuries from road traffic accidents. Research has shown that the use of seatbelt during pregnancy is a public health problem, mainly because of the lack of knowledge and information. Midwives play an important role in the counseling and treatment of pregnant women. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to review the literature on the topic of traffic accidents during pregnancy. The goal of the thesis is to determine the impact of the seat-belt use in the case of a traffic accident during the pregnancy. Furthermore, we would like to define the role of midwives in preventing serious consequences of motor-vehicle accidents. Methods: For this thesis, we used the descriptive method of non-empiric research which was based on a review of scientific and professional literature. We searched the literature in English and Slovene language in the databases of COBISS, ScienceDirect, Medline, DiKul, CINAHL, Google Scholar, Google Books, SAGE, Scopus, Wiley Online Library, and Cochrane. Results: The proper use of seatbelts during pregnancy reduces maternal and perinatal mortality. Midwives play an important role in giving the latest information and promoting traffic safety for pregnant women. Discussion and conclusion: The research has shown that the treatment of injured pregnant women is a special challenge for all healthcare professionals. A large percentage of pregnant women think that during pregnancy they did not receive enough information about the correct way of using seatbelts. This topic should, therefore, be added to other topics on the healthy lifestyle during pregnancy that is presented to women at the time of pregnancy planning or at the first examination in pregnancy, by midwives and other health professionals.

Keywords:seatbelt, pregnancy, trauma in the pregnancy, first aid, resuscitation of a pregnant woman

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