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Odnos in stališča dijakov do spolnih stereotipov in možnosti ozaveščanja spolne enakosti pri pouku likovne umetnosti
Škrabec, Viviana (Author), Potočnik, Robert (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/6086/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Učbeniki in druga strokovna literatura s področja predmeta likovne umetnosti kljub današnjemu vse večjemu poznavanju umetnic nadaljujejo z izpustom njihovih del. Umetnice naj bi bile obravnavane površno, opisane kot posnemovalke ali pa privrženke moških umetnikov. V zbirkah, kjer so predstavljene skupaj z mojstrskimi umetniki, naj bi bil delež njihovih del še zmeraj znatno manjši. Izhajajoč iz osebnih izkušenj in pregleda strokovnega gradiva za slovenske gimnazije, ni opaznih sprememb glede enakovrednejše obravnave umetnikov obeh spolov. Šolske knjige predstavljajo subjektivno in izkrivljeno resničnost, ki vzbuja idejo, da je večina znanstvenikov in kulturnih osebnosti srednjeevropskih moških. Dijakom so v primeru izključitve žensk iz učbenikov in druge strokovne literature odvzete informacije tako rekoč polovice človeštva. Kot rezultat se lahko kaže znižano mnenje dijakov o prispevku ustvarjalcev ženskega spola. To je problematično predvsem z vidika, da dijaki učbenikom verjamejo in da se lahko z njimi poglabljajo škodljivi spolni stereotipi. V empiričnem delu smo zato s pomočjo anketnih vprašalnikov raziskali, kakšno je trenutno poznavanje umetnic s strani gimnazijskih dijakov, in ugotavljali vzroke za takšno stanje. Prek izvedene učne ure z vključevanjem problematike spolnih stereotipov in izpuščenih umetnic iz zakladnice likovne umetnosti ter likovne naloge, v kateri smo se navezali na spolne stereotipe v vsakdanu, smo proučili odnos dijakov do predstavljene problematike. V raziskavo smo vključili 50 dijakov dveh prvih letnikov gimnazije iz jugovzhodne slovenske regije. Izsledki raziskave bodo lahko v pomoč pri obravnavi problematike in ozaveščanju spolne enakosti pri pouku likovne umetnosti v srednji šoli.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:spolni stereotipi
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:12676425 Link is opened in a new window
Views:177
Downloads:35
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Attitudes towards gender stereotypes and the opportunities for raising awarness of gender equality in fine arts instruction
Abstract:
Textbooks and other professional literature in the field of fine arts, despite increasing knowledge of women artists nowadays, continue to leave out their artworks. Female artists are still treated superficially, described as imitators or followers of male artists. The number of their works in collections, where they are presented along with masterly male artists, is supposedly still significantly smaller. Based on my experience and a review of professional literature for Slovenian secondary schools, there are no noticeable improvements regarding equal treatment of artists of both sexes. The school books present a subjective and distorted reality that evokes the idea that most scholars and cultural figures are central European men. In the case of exclusion of women from textbooks and other professional literature, students are excluded from virtually half of humanity. As a result, students may have a diminished view of the contribution of female creators to the field of fine arts. The problem is that students trust in what textbooks have to say and can therefore deepen harmful gender stereotypes. In the empirical part, by means of survey questionnaires, we therefore investigated, what highschool students currently know about female artists and determined the causes of such a situation. We examined the student's attitudes towards the presented issues by having a lesson with them that included the issues of gender stereotypes and errasure of female artists from the history of fine arts. The lesson also contained a art assignment in wich students explored gender stereotypes in everyday life. The study included 50 students of two first year classes from a secondary school in the southeastern region of Slovenia. The findings of the research can be helpful in addressing issues and raising awareness of gender equality in secondary school fine arts instruction.

Keywords:gender stereotypes

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