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Razumevanje frazeologije v tradicionalni sodobni pravljici ter oblike pomoči učencem v manjših učnih skupinah : diplomsko delo
Horvat, Nives (Author), Kržišnik, Erika (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kalin, Jana (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V teoretičnem delu naloge predstavljamo frazeologijo, kako je vpeta v pouk slovenščine, pa tudi drugih predmetov, sprašujemo se o vzrokih učnih težav, kako jih prepoznavamo, in kakšne so značilnosti učencev z učnimi težavami. Odgovore na zastavljena vprašanja iščemo v okviru učne diferenciacije in individualizacije ter učne pomoči. Pri učni diferenciaciji in individualizaciji se osredotočamo predvsem na oblike dela v homogenih in heterogenih skupinah, pri učni pomoči pa predstavljamo petstopenjski model nudenja pomoči, ki poskuša reševati učne težave sistemsko in vse oblike pomoči združi v celoto. V empiričnem delu naloge raziskujemo frazeologijo v tradicionalni in sodobni pravljici, in sicer nas zanima, kako pogosti so frazemi v obravnavanih delih, katere besedne vrste frazemov prevladujejo, kakšne so modifikacije, variante in prenovitve frazemov, opazujemo pa tudi s frazemi izraženo vrednotenjsko konotacijo. Preverjamo razumevanje frazeologije, s katero se osnovnošolci srečujejo v mladinskih delih, med devetošolci, in sicer nas zanima, če se rezultati glede na vključenost v homogene in heterogene skupine razlikujejo. Ugotavljamo tudi, kako učenci ocenjujejo delo in različne oblike pomoči pri pouku slovenščine v homogenih in heterogenih skupinah. Rezultati kažejo na to, da bi morala šola bolj spodbujati sposobnost metaučenja, saj učenci ne znajo najbolje spremljati in kontrolirati svojega učenja in se ne zavedajo svojih močnih in šibkih področij, da bi lahko to tudi kompenzirali. Učenci ob soočenju z učnimi težavami učno pomoč iščejo sami le občasno, največkrat pa jim pri težavah pomagajo starši. Eno od možnih ovir pri reševanju učnih težav vidimo prav v prepočasnem iskanju pomoči pri strokovnjakih, ki jo učencem z učnimi težavami lahko nudijo. Za to pa bo verjetno potrebno spremeniti stališče, da so učne težave problem in razumeti, da je iskanje pomoči samo korak več na poti k uspehu.eng

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:slovenščina, frazeologija, frazem, pravljica, sodobna pravljica, razumevanje, učne težave, učna diferenciacija, učna individualizacija, učna pomoč, osnovna šola, diplomsko delo
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2016
Publisher:[N. Horvat]
Number of pages:202 str.
UDC:811.163.6\'373.7:82-39:37.091.3
COBISS.SI-ID:61835106 Link is opened in a new window
Views:26
Downloads:19
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
In the theoretical part of the thesis we present phraseology, how it is integrated into the teaching of the Slovene language as well as other subjects, we discuss the causes of learning difficulties, how to recognize them, and what the characteristics of students with learning difficulties are. We look for the answers to these questions in the context of differentiated and individualized learning and learning assistance. When describing differentiated and individualized learning, we focus primarily on the types of work in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. When it comes to learning assistance, we present a five-step model of providing assistance, which tries to address learning problems systemically and combines all forms of assistance into a whole. In the empirical part of the thesis we explore phraseology in traditional and contemporary fairy tales. Namely, we are interested in how common the idioms in the discussed works are, which parts of speech prevail, what the modifications, variants and changes of idioms are. We also observe the evaluative connotation, expressed with idioms. We control the understanding of phraseology with which the schoolchildren (nine graders) are faced in youth literature. Namely, we wonder if the results differ in relation to the inclusion in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. We also observe how students evaluate the work and various forms of assistance in teaching Slovene in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. The results show that the school should do more to promote the ability of meta learning, because students do not know exactly how to monitor and control their own learning and are not aware of their strong and weak points, so that they could compensate. When faced with learning difficulties, the students rarely search for learning assistance themselves. Mostly, their parents help them when in difficulty. One of the potential obstacles to solving learning problems is that the students seek assistance from experts when it is too late. For this we will probably need to change the point of view that learning difficulties present a problem and understand that seeking help is only a step forward on the path to success.


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