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Podoba Julijana Odpadnika v zgodovinopisju Amijana Marcelina
Bembič, Ana (Author), Marinčič, Marko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Julijan Odpadnik je bil rimski cesar, ki je v četrtem stoletju, ko se je krščanstvo pod Konstantinom že uveljavilo, skušal preobrniti zgodovino nazaj v čas poganstva. Njegova vladavina je bila kratka in nepričakovana, zanjo pa so bile značilne verske reforme in vojaški pohod nad Perzijo. Zgodovinsko gledano ni bil pomemben vladar. O njem so pisali mnogi krščanski pisci, ki ga prikazujejo večinoma negativno. Za poganskega zgodovinopisca Amijana Marcelina pa je predstavljal podobo idealnega vladarja. V svojem zgodovinopisnem delu Res gestae, v katerem je skušal nadaljevati Tacitovo delo, je Julijanu namenil precej pozornosti, prikazal ga je kakor izbranca bogov. Kljub občudovanju mu ni prizanesel s kritiko, je pa načrtno zmanjševal pomen verskih in drugih zadev, ki bi lahko škodovale njegovi podobi. Da bi mu povečal veljavo, ga je primerjal z mnogimi slavnimi osebami iz grške in rimske preteklosti, prejšnjega cesarja Konstancija in Julijanovega brata Gala pa je prikazal izrazito negativno. Kljub naklonjenosti bogov pa je Julijan na pohodu proti Perziji zavrnil vsa svarilna znamenja, kar ga je stalo življenja. Njegovo smrt Amijan vzporeja s Sokratovo smrtjo in ga s tem prikaže kot vladarja filozofa, kar se ujema z Julijanovim lastnim idealom.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Julijan Odpadnik, Amijan Marcelin, zgodovinopisje, krščanstvo, poganstvo
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:73
Downloads:23
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The image of Julian the Apostate in the historiography of Ammianus Marcellinus
Abstract:
Julian the Apostate was a Roman emperor in the fourth century, when Christianity was already well established by the emperor Constantine. However, Julian wanted to bring history back to the pagan times. His reign was short and unexpected; it was characterized by distinctive religious reforms and the Persian campaign. He was not a historically important ruler. Many Christian writers wrote about him, mostly portraying him negatively. Nonetheless, he was a model of an ideal ruler for the pagan historian Ammianus Marcellinus, who focused on Julian in his historiographical work Res gestae, written as a continuation to Tacitus, and presented him as a ruler chosen by the gods. Despite admiration Ammianus was also critical of some of Julian's policies. Nevertheless, he also tended to intentionally diminish the meaning of religious and other matters that might damage Julian's reputation. Furthermore, Ammianus compared Julian to many famous personalities from Greek and Roman history and portrayed the previous emperor Constantius and Julian's brother Gallus in a distinctively negative way with the intention to increase Julian's importance. Despite being favoured by the gods, Julian rejected all bad omens regarding the Persian campaign, which led to his death. Ammianus parallels Julian's death with the death of Socrates and presents him as a philosopher-king. Indeed, an image corresponding to Julian's own idea of perfect ruler.

Keywords:Julian the Apostate, Ammianus Marcellinus, historiography, Christianity, pagan religion

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