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Pravne dileme darovanja človeških organov – darovanje ali trgovanje?
Prtenjak, Veronika (Author), Žnidaršič Skubic, Viktorija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Razkorak med številom darovalcev organov in številom oseb, ki potrebujejo presaditev, je vsak dan večji. Pomanjkanje organov za presaditev je privedlo do vse pogostejšega darovanja med živimi in do pojava novih načinov darovanja organov, ki so predstavljeni v pričujoči magistrski nalogi. Eden izmed teh je navzkrižno darovanje, pri katerem gre za darovanje in presaditev organov (navzkriž) med dvema paroma oseb; prejemnik ne dobi organa bližnje osebe, temveč organ neznanega darovalca, medtem ko njemu bližnja oseba organ daruje neznanemu prejemniku. Predstavljeni sta tudi možnosti darovanja v sklad in verižnega darovanja. Poleg splošnih dilem v zvezi z darovanjem organov se v nalogi sprašujem, ali opisani novi načini darovanja še sledijo temeljnemu načelu altruizma ali gre za nedovoljeno obliko trgovanja z organi. Zahteva mednarodnih in nacionalnih pravnih dokumentov po genetski, družinski ali čustveni povezanosti med živim darovalcem in prejemnikom postavlja dopustnost novih načinov darovanja pod vprašaj. Po drugi strani pa lahko takšni zahtevi očitamo elemente paternalizma in nesorazmernosti. V magistrski nalogi sta podrobneje analizirani nemška in slovenska pravna ureditev predstavljenih vprašanj, dodan pa je tudi edinstven vpogled v pravno ureditev navzkrižnega darovanja v izbranih evropskih državah. Kot novost je predstavljena presaditev maternice, pri kateri so izpostavljene aktualne pravne in nekatere druge dileme ter podani predlogi za ureditev de lege ferenda.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:medicinsko pravo, transplantacija, darovanje organov, trgovanje z organi, darovanje organov po smrti, darovanje med živimi, navzkrižno darovanje, verižno darovanje, presaditev maternice.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:16969297 This link opens in a new window
Views:746
Downloads:332
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Legal dilemmas of human organ donation – donation or trafficking?
Abstract:
The number of organ donors is unable to meet the growing demand for human organs. With deceased organ donation no longer sufficing, living organ donation is gaining attention. In the search for solutions to cope with organ shortage, new types of organ donation, presented in this master’s thesis, have emerged. One is cross-over transplantation, which involves organ donation and transplantation between two donor-recipient pairs. The donor from one pair donates an organ to the recipient from the other pair and vice versa. List-paired (indirect) exchange and donor chains are presented as well. In addition to the general dilemmas regarding organ donation, I wonder whether the described new types of organ donation follow the basic principle of altruism or do they mean a step towards organ trafficking. The requirement of both international and national legal documents for a special relationship (genetic, familial or emotional) between the living donor and the recipient calls the admissibility of those new types of organ donation into question. On the other hand, such a request can be criticized for being paternalistic and disproportional. The thesis analyzes the German and Slovenian legal regulation of the presented issues in detail and additionally provides a unique insight into the national regulations on cross-over transplantation in selected European countries. As a novelty, the current legal dilemmas of uterus transplantation are presented and de lege ferenda solutions are proposed.

Keywords:medical law, transplantation, organ donation, organ trafficking, deceased organ donation, living organ donation, cross-over transplantation, donor chains, uterus transplantation.

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