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OpenStreetMap kot vir podatkov za analize prometnih nezgod
Zobarič, Tine (Author), Ambrož, Miha (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Analiza prometnih nezgod s sodobnimi prostodostopnimi geoinformacijskimi sistemi, kot je OpenStreetMap, lahko veliko pripomore k natančnejšemu popisu kraja prometne nezgode in s tem k izboljšanju prometne varnosti. V diplomski nalogi smo v teoretičnem delu predstavili delovanje sistema OpenStreetMap, predvsem smo se osredotočili na možnosti urejanja in vnašanja podatkov. V metodologiji raziskave smo opisali način delovanja baze prometnih nezgod in dokumentacijo (policijski zapisnik). Obravnavo prometnih nezgod smo preverili s še dvema metodama, ki ju uporabljajo v tujini, in sicer finsko metodo VALT in metodo DaCoTA. Analizirali smo tri lokacije prometnih nezgod, ki so popisane v bazi Agencije za varnost prometa. Na podlagi ugotovitev smo s pomočjo predlogov, ki smo jih pridobili iz metod VALT in DaCoTa, opisali relacije med podatki iz policijskega zapisnika in podatkovne baze OpenStreetMap. Ugotovili smo, da sistem OSM ponuja veliko možnosti pri vnosu natančnejše lokacije prometnih nezgod, pa tudi pri popisu cestišča in drugih okoliščin nastanka prometnih nezgod.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:OpenStreetMap, prometne nezgode, obravnava nezgod, baza prometnih nezgod, lokacija nezgod
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year:2019
Views:38
Downloads:23
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:OpenStreetMap as a data source for road traffic accident analysis
Abstract:
Road traffic accident analysis with actual open-source geoinformational systems such as OpenStreetMap, can make an improvement to a more accurate determination of exact spots, where accident actually occured and thereby traffic safety can be improved. In the theoretical part of this thesis, we presented basic operation functions of OpenStreetMap system, mainly focusing on the possibilities of editing and inserting data. The research methodology presents the operational principle of the traffic accident database and other relevant documentation such as police records. We have also compared standard police record with two in-depth accident research methods which are used abroad: the Finnish VALT and EU DaCoTA method. We analyzed three traffic accident locations listed in the Traffic Safety Agency database. Based on the findings, we described the relationships between the police record and the OpenStreetMap data using suggestions obtained from the VALT and DaCoTa methods. We have found that the OSM system offers many possibilities for entering a more accurate location of traffic accidents, as well as for census of the road surface and other circumstances of occurrence of the traffic accidents.

Keywords:OpenStreetMap, road traffic accidents, accidents investigation, road traffic accidents database, accidents geographical location

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