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Stigmatizacija mladih odraslih z motnjo v duševnem zdravju : diplomsko delo
Težak, Tina (Author), Plemelj Mohorič, Alenka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Stigmatizacija je zelo pogost pojav, ki osebe z motnjo v duševnem zdravju spremlja skozi vso zgodovino. Je sociološki pojem, ki označuje odklonilen odnos in neodobravanje družbe do različnih vrst drugačnosti. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je ugotoviti, kako stigmatizacijo doživljajo mladi odrasli z motnjo v duševnem zdravju in kako se na to odzovejo. Poleg tega želimo ugotoviti, na kakšen način je samostigmatizacija povezana s stigmatizacijo in kateri so najpogostejši predsodki, ki jih družba pripisuje mladim z motnjo v duševnem zdravju. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu smo uporabili kvalitativno metodo raziskovanja. Izvedli smo pet intervjujev z osebami s potrjeno motnjo v duševnem zdravju v starosti med 20 in 35 let. Vprašalnike smo sestavili s pomočjo vprašalnika DISC 12. Rezultati: Mlade odrasle udeležence z motnjo v duševnem zdravju spremlja stigmatizacija. Posledično se lahko začnejo samostigmatizirati. Pogost odziv udeležencev na stigmatizacijo so negativni občutki jeze, strahu, sramu, bremena, zaradi česar začnejo bolezen skrivati. Pomembno vlogo pri premagovanju in spoprijemanju s stigmo imajo prijatelji in družinski člani. Kljub temu sta pri nekaterih udeležencih prisotna ravnodušnost in nestrinjanje s predsodki o motnjah v duševnem zdravju. Razprava in zaključek: Veliko število ljudi motenj v duševnem zdravju ne dojema kot resničnih bolezni, kar vodi v nerazumevanje in izločanje udeležencev, ki so po njihovem mnenju drugačni. Osebe se bojijo, da bi se to zgodilo tudi njim, zato vse, kar je drugačnega, odrinejo in stigmatizirajo. Še vedno se premalo govori o stigmatizaciji, ki so je deležne osebe z motnjo v duševnem zdravju. Potrebna bi bila boljša izobraženost družbe o motnjah v duševnem zdravju, za boljše razumevanje bolezni, njenem sprejemanju in rušenju predsodkov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:doživljanje stigmatizacije, samostigmatizacija, duševna motnja, delovanje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5707115 This link opens in a new window
Views:931
Downloads:926
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Stigmatization among young adults with mental disorders : diploma work
Abstract:
Introduction: Stigmatization is a very common phenomenon that follows people with mental health disorders throughout history. It is a sociological concept that denotes a deflected attitude and disapproval of society to anyone different. Because of the negative image of people with mental disorders, stigmatization is still very widespread. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma is to determine how stigmatization affects individuals with mental health disorders, and how they respond to it. Besides, we want to find out how self-stigmatization relates to stigmatization. We are also interested in the most common prejudice that society attaches to people with mental health disorders. Methods: In the diploma, we used a qualitative method of research. By prior arrangement, we conducted five interviews with people with confirmed mental health disorders aged between 20 and 35 years. Questionnaires were made using the DISC 12 questonnaire. Results: Young adults with mental disorders are accompanied by stigmatization. As a result of stigmatization, they can self-stigmatize. A frequent response to stigmatization is the negative feelings, such as anger, fear, shame, burden, causing people to hide the illness and not talking about it with people who are not close to them. Friends and family members play an important role in overcoming and tackling the stigma, as they can be trusted. Nonetheless, there can also be people who are indifferent and disagree with prejudice about mental illness. Discussion and conclusion: Many people still do not look at mental illness as real diseases, which leads to misunderstanding and the elimination of people who are considered to be different. People are afraid that this can happen to them, this is why they push away and stigmatize everything different. There is still too little talk about the stigmatization of people with mental disorders. Solution is to educate society about mental illness, which would help them understand the illness itself, and accept the difference and suppress prejudice.

Keywords:experiencing stigmatization, self-stigmatization, mental illness, functioning

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