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Primerjava različnih sistemov uhlevitve živali na prirejo, zdravje in počutje goveda
Kovačič, Sara (Author), Klopčič, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Cilj diplomske naloge je bil predstaviti različne sisteme uhlevitve krav molznic ter opredeliti prednosti in slabosti posameznega sistema. Zanimalo nas je, kako različni sistemi reje vplivajo na dobro počutje živali, na njihovo zdravje ter proizvodne rezultate. V Sloveniji na govedorejskih kmetijah prevladujejo manjši hlevi z vezano rejo. Na kmetijah, ki se odločajo za povečanje črede in povečanje obsega prireje mleka, pa uvajajo sodobnejše sisteme namestitve živali v prosti reji z ležalnimi boksi ali brez njih. V nalogi predstavljamo različne sisteme reje za krave molznice in mlado živino, bodisi hleve na prosto rejo z ležalnimi boksi, na globokem nastilu ali celo v kombinaciji z izpusti na pašo. Opisujemo tudi novejše sisteme, kot so bolj uporabni kompostni hlevi ter sodobni in inovativni hlevi iz Nizozemske, tako imenovani ''kravji vrtovi''. Predstaviljamo tudi nekaj primerov dobrih praks za doseganje optimalnih pogojev reje glede zdravja in dobrobiti živali, doseganja ustreznih higienskih standardov v hlevu ter pozitivnih in neškodljivih vplivov namestitev živali na okolje. Z upoštevanjem teh dejavnikov lahko optimiziramo določen način reje živali ter dosegamo uspešno proizvodnost v sistemih, ki so živalim in okolju prijazni.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:govedo, krave molznice, uhlevitev, mlečnost, zdravje, dobro počutje živali
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:4297352 Link is opened in a new window
Views:39
Downloads:18
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of different housing systems on milk production, health and welfare of cattle
Abstract:
The aim of graduation thesis was to present the different housing systems of dairy cows and to identify the advantages and disadvantages of each system. We were interested in how different housing systems of dairy cows effect on animal welfare, animal health and production results. In Slovenia, on farms with cattle are dominated by smaller and tied-in housing system. On the farms that are choosing to enlarge the herd and increase the volume of milk production, they are introducing more modern systems of housing for animals in free barns with or without cubicles. In this graduation thesis we present different housing systems for dairy cows and young stock, either free barn with cubicles, free barn on depth straw or even combination with grazing and access to pasture. We also introduced innovative housing systems such as useful compost barns and modern barns from the Netherlands, the so-called ‘’Cow Garden’’ housing system. We also presented some examples of good practices for achieving optimal housing and rearing conditions in the context of animal health and welfare, achieving adequate hygiene standards in barns and the positive and harmless effects of animal placement on the environment. With these factors in mind we can optimize a particular animal husbandry and achieve successful productivity in systems that are animal and environmentally friendly.

Keywords:cattle, dairy cows, housing, milk production, animal health, animal welfare

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