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Antifašistična slovensko-italijanska ženska zveza
Stepančič, Nataša (Author), Verginella, Marta (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Cergol Paradiž, Ana (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Magistrsko delo skuša osvetliti pomen delovanja in strukturo okrožnega odbora ASIŽZ za Tržaško okrožje, ki je v obdobju od 1945 do 1946 zajemalo štiri okraje: Milje, Sežana, Nabrežina in Tržič. Avtorica najprej predstavi zgodovinsko ozadje Jadranskega območja. Po vojni je bilo treba določiti novo razmejitev Julijske krajine. Zanjo sta se potegovala Zavezniška vojaška uprava (ZVU) in projugoslovanski tabor. Slednji si je želel priključitev Trsta Jugoslaviji, ZVU pa Italiji. Kljub tekmovanju, ki se je razvilo med Slovenci in Italijani, se je podpiralo bratstvo med narodoma. Ohranjanje tega je bila tudi ena izmed pomembnejših točk programa ASIŽZ. Pozneje, v delu, sledi opis ženske vloge v odporniškem gibanju in po vojni ter spreminjanja te na Slovenskem, v Jugoslaviji in Julijski krajini. Prelom tradicionalnih spolnih vlog, pridobitev volilne pravice in sprejemanje novih ženskih nalog so bili dogodki, ki so vplivali na delovanje ASIŽZ. Ne nazadnje sledi še opis tistih antifašističnih ženskih množičnih organizacij (Slovenska protifašistična ženska zveza, ki se pozneje preimenuje v AFŽ, Unione donne italiane (UDI) v Italiji ter Slovensko-italijanska antifašistična unija (SIAU), ki je v skupni organizaciji združila Slovence in Italijane), ki so vplivale na razvoj ASIŽZ. Avtorica trdi, da je ASIŽZ imela ključno vlogo pri podpiranju žensk na splošno, pri političnem ozaveščanju in emancipaciji. To dokazuje tudi naraščanje števila pripadnic, zahvaljujoč trdemu delu, ki so ga opravljali posamezni odseki znotraj organizacije: socialno skrbstvo, kultura, prosveta, politika in agitprop.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Ženska zgodovina, množična antifašistična organizacija, Antifašistična slovensko-italijanska ženska zveza (ASIŽZ), Julijska krajina, povojno obdobje
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:416
Downloads:123
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Union of Italo-Slovene Antifascist Women
Abstract:
The master's thesis attempts to illuminate the importance of the functioning and structure of the ASIŽZ district committee for the Trieste district in 1945-1946. The Trieste district consists of four counties: Milje, Sežana, Nabrežina and Tržič. The author presents the historical background of Adriatic area. After the war, it was necessary to decide on a new demarcation of the Julian Territory, which was pursued by the Allied Military Administration (AMG) and the pro-Yugoslav camp. The latter wanted the annexation of Trieste to Yugoslavia while AMG to Italy. Despite the competition that has developed between Slovenes and Italians, the fraternity between them was supported, and maintaining it, was also one of the most important points of the ASIŽZ program. Later on, the author describes the female role in the resistance movement and after war and how it changed in Slovenia, Yugoslavia and the Julian March. The breaking of traditional gender roles, obtaining the right to vote and accepting new women's tasks were the events that influenced the functioning of the ASIŽZ. Last but not least, there is a description of those anti-fascist women's mass organizations (Union of Slovene Antifascist Women, later renamed AFŽ, Unione donne italiane (UDI) in Italy and the Antifascist Italo-Slovene Union (SIAU), which united Slovenes and Italians) that have influenced the development of ASIŽZ. The author argues that ASIŽZ played a key role in supporting women in general, in raising political awareness and in emancipation. Proof of this is also the increase in the number of female members thanks to the hard work which was done by individual sections within the organization: Social Welfare, Culture, Education, Politics and Agitprop.

Keywords:Female history, mass anti-fascist organization, Union of Italo-Slovene Antifascist Women (ASIZZ), Julian March, post-war period

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