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Mnenje žensk o vplivu športne vadbe po porodu : diplomsko delo
Žnidaršič, Kristina (Author), Videmšek, Mateja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Namen diplomske naloge je bil ugotoviti, kakšno je mnenje žensk o vplivu vadbe po porodu na psihološke in telesne vidike poporodnega obdobja. Preko spletnega vprašalnika smo anketirali 165 žensk, starih med 21 in 40 let, ki so se po enem ali več porodih začele ukvarjati z vadbo. Podatke smo naknadno uredili s pomočjo SPSS analize. Ugotovili smo, da med starostnimi skupinami ne prihaja do razlik v oceni izgube telesne mase (p=0,387), vendar so statistično značilne razlike vidne glede na pogostost izvajanja vadbe (p=0,026). Opravljanje vadbe je izboljšalo vse komponente telesne pripravljenosti. Potrdili smo hipotezo, da zmerna vadba po porodu nima negativnega vpliva na laktacijo (91,95 %), kar je bil predmet zaskrbljenosti pri 22,8 % žensk. Pogostost vadbe ne igra vloge pri omenjenih rezultatih (p=0,091). Pred začetkom opravljanja vadbe se je 86,11 % žensk spopadalo z vsaj eno poporodnih težav, med katerimi so bile najpogostejše bolečine v križu, diastaza in urinska inkontinenca. Z vadbo je prišlo do izboljšanja vseh težav, pri večini teh (razen diastazi), je vsaj 25 % žensk uspelo težavo popolnoma odpraviti. Do najboljšega izboljšanja je prišlo pri bolečinah v križu, najmanjšega pa pri izboljšanju krčnih žil, zaprtja in fekalne inkontinence. Od začetka opravljanja vadbe je prišlo do znatnega izboljšanja vsesplošnega počutja (90,58 %). Do največjega izboljšanja je prišlo pri nivoju energije in občutku utrujenosti po vadbi. Rezultati nam nudijo dober vpogled v učinkovitost vadbe v splošni populaciji.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Športna vadba, poporodno obdobje, psihologija, telesna pripravljenost, fiziologija
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5600945 Link is opened in a new window
Views:69
Downloads:40
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Women's Opinion on the Influence of Postpartum Exercise
Abstract:
The purpose of our research was to determine what is women's opinion on the influence of postpartum exercise on psychological and physical aspects of postpartum phase. Through an online survey, we interviewed 165 women between the age of 21 and 40, who started with postpartum exercise after one or more births. For data analysis, we used program SPSS. We discovered that there were no differences in the loss of body mass between different age groups (p=0,387). We discovered that there were statistically significant differences in loss of body mass according to their weekly frequency of postpartum exercise (p=0,026). Participating in postpartum exercise positively influenced all components of physical fitness. We approved the hypothesis which assumed that moderate postpartum exercise doesn't have a negative influence on lactation (91,95 %), which was a concerning factor for 22,8 % of women. Frequency of postpartum exercise did not influence the result. Before women included postpartum exercise into their routine, 86,11 % of them experienced at least one of postpartum physical problems from which the most common were lower back pain, diastasis of rectus abdominis and urine incontinence. Postpartum exercise positively influenced all the physical problems and with most of them (excluding diastasis of rectus abdominis) 25 % of women reported the problem solved. The biggest improvement was reported with lower back pain and the lowest one with varicose veins, constipation and fecal incontinence. From the start of postpartum exercise, there was a significant improvement of overall well-being (90,58 %). The biggest improvement was reported with energy levels and feeling of fatigue after exercise. The results offer a good insight into the influence of postpartum exercise in the general population.

Keywords:Exercise, postnatal period, psychology, physical fitness, fisiology

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