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Tehnološki vidiki pridelave terminalno in lateralno rodnih sort oreha (Juglans regia L.)
Ostrež, Blaž (Author), Veberič, Robert (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Navadni oreh (Juglans regia L.) je mogočno in dolgoživo drevo, ki je že od nekdaj spremljevalec slovenskega podeželja. Njegovi plodovi imajo pomembno prehransko in uporabno vrednost. Kljub temu, da je občutljiv na spomladansko pozebo, zastajanje vode v tleh, močan veter,… se nasadi oreha v Sloveniji širijo. Predvsem s pravilno izbiro sorte in lege je Slovenija idealna dežela za gojenje oreha. Oreh je lahko terminalno ali lateralno roden. Pri terminalno rodnem orehu je rodni terminalni ali končni brst na enoletnem poganjku, lateralno rodni oreh pa ima rodne tako stranske kot terminalne brste. V diplomski nalogi sta predstavljena lateralni in terminalno rodni tip oreha. Osredotočili smo se na gojenje in oskrbo nasada ter tehnološke ukrepe pri gojenju sort obeh tipov rodnosti. V Sloveniji je tradicionalno prevladoval terminalno rodni tip oreha, vendar se je z intenzivnejšim gojenjem pojavil tudi lateralno rodni tip oreha. Prednosti lateralno rodnih sort so predvsem manjša drevesa, hitrejši vstop v rodnost, večji pridelek na hektar. V nalogi smo ugotovili, da je oskrba nasada lateralnih sort oreha tehnološko bolj zahtevna od oskrbe nasada terminalnih sort, vendar pri optimalni oskrbi lateralne sorte dajo večji pridelek. Večja intenzivnost pridelave pa vpliva tudi na ekonomičnost. Pomembno je, da izberemo pravilno sorto in s tem način pridelave. Odločimo se na podlagi okoljskih razmer in mehanizacije, ter delovne sile, ki jo imamo na voljo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:oreh, pridelava oreha, terminalno rodni oreh, lateralno rodni oreh
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Publisher:[B. Ostrež]
UDC:634.51:631.526.323:631.559(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:9292409 Link is opened in a new window
Views:85
Downloads:33
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Tehnological production aspects of terminal and lateral bearing walnut cultivars (Juglans regia L.)
Abstract:
The common walnut (Juglans regia L.) is a majestic, long-lived tree and a common companion of the Slovenian countryside. Its fruits are extremely nutritional and useful. Despite its susceptibilities to spring frosts, water stagnation and strong winds, the walnut plantations have been expanding in Slovenia, as the country has perfect growing conditions, especially if the location and the walnut cultivar are well chosen. The common walnut may be a terminal or a lateral fruit-bearing type. The terminal type bears fruits on terminal buds or apical buds while the lateral fruiting type displays fruits on terminal buds as well as on lateral buds of the one year-old shoot. The thesis presents both of these common walnut types. It focuses mainly on the cultivation, plantation management, differences in yield and sensibility to various diseases and pests. The terminal fruit-bearing type has been more common in Slovenia, but the more intensive cultivation has helped to spread the lateral fruit-bearing type as well. The advantages of the lateral fruit-bearing type are several, especially the smaller size of the tree, shorter juvenile period and higher yield per hectar. Lateral fruit-bearing type is technologically more demanding than the terminal fruit-bearing type. However, conducting more intensive orchard management, lateral type produces more than terminal one. Higher intensitivity also affects the profitability of the production. It is important to choose the right cultivar and intensity of the production. The decisions are made based on environmental conditions and mechanization and the available manpower.

Keywords:walnut, walnut production, terminal fruit-bearing type of walnut, lateral fruit-bearing type of walnut

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