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Predstavitev marmorirane smrdljivke (Halyomorpha halys [Stål], Hemiptera, Pentatomidae) in možnosti njenega zatiranja
Batistič, Luka (Author), Trdan, Stanislav (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Marmorirana smrdljivka (Halyomorpha halys [Stal]) je invazivna vrsta ščitastih stenic, ki je domorodna v Aziji. Prvi pojav stenice so v Evropi zabeležili v letu 2004, od takrat se je le-ta razširila skoraj po vsej celini. Polifag z visoko reprodukcijsko sposobnostjo, širokim naborom gostiteljev in zmožnostjo hitrega širjenja z letenjem, predstavlja resno grožnjo sadjarstvu in drugim kmetijskim panogam. Evropsko podnebje ji ustreza in kot vse kaže, bi lahko imela tudi do dva rodova letno. Žuželka ima hemimetabolno preobrazbo in povzroča škodo ob hranjenju tako, da sesa plod ali drugo rastlinsko tkivo. Poleg škodljivega organizma v kmetijstvu, predstavlja tudi nadlogo v času iskanja prezimovališč v bivalnih objektih ljudi. Spremljanje populacij z ustreznimi detekcijskimi metodami, kot so svetlobne in feromonske pasti, ali fizikalnimi načini, pomeni korak bliže razumevanju bionomije vrste. Boljše razumevanje bionomije, vedenja in hranjenja tako omogoča ustreznejše neposredne varstvene ukrepe. Zaenkrat zatiranje škodljivca v tujini temelji na uporabi preizkušenih širokospektralnih insekticidov, ki lahko imajo tudi neželen vpliv na okolje. Metode integriranega varstva rastlin, kot so kemično varstvo, biotično varstvo ali mehansko zatiranje, imajo večji potencial z manjšim negativnim vplivom na okolje. Uporaba specifičnih insekticidov, izključitvenih mrež ali vnos tujerodnih naravnih sovražnikov kot sta Trissolcus japonicus ali Trissolcus mitsukurii, so samo nekateri izmed predlogov, ki bi lahko pomenili ustrezen način v boju proti novi nadlogi, ki se širi na stari celini.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:marmorirana smrdljivka, Halyomorpha halys, bionomija, gospodarski pomen, zatiranje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Publisher:[L. Batistič]
UDC:632.754.1:632.95(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:9289337 This link opens in a new window
Views:723
Downloads:225
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Presentation of Brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys [Stål], Hemiptera, Pentatomidae) and it's management strategies
Abstract:
The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys [Stål]) is an invasive species of pentatomids, native to Asia. In Europe the first recorded appearance was in 2004 and since it has spread almost troughout the whole continent. A polyphage with high reproductive capacity, a wide variety of hosts and the ability of spreading rapidly by flight poses a serious threat to orchards and other agricultural practises. The European climate has revealed suitable for the pest and it seems that it could have up to 2 generation per year. The insect has a hemimetabolous life cycle and causes damage by feeding on fruits and other plant tissue. In addition of being a pest in agriculture it is also a nuisance pest when searching for overwintering sites, often in people's homes. Appropriate detection methods, such as: moitoring populations by light traps, pheromone lures and physical methods is a step closer to understanding the species bionomy. A better understanding of the pests bionomy, behavior and feeding thus allows for appropriate indirect management strategies. Management in foreign countries is based on the use of proven broad-spectrum insecticides, which can have an undesirable effect on the environment. Integrated pest management strategies such as: chemical control, biotic control or field-based control have greater potential and are more tolerant on the environment. The use of specific insecticides, exclusion nets, or the introduction of non-native natural enemies such as Trissolcus japonicus or Trissolcus mitsukurii, could be the right way to control the pest and stop it's spreading across the old continent.

Keywords:Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, bionomics, economic importance, pest management

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