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Proteini anti-CRISPR v biotehnologiji.
Lavrenčič, Eva (Author), Petrovič, Uroš (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Za zaščito proti virusom in drugim genetskim elementom so bakterije in arheje razvile sistem CRISPR/Cas, ki je edini znani primer pridobljene imunosti pri prokariontih. V evolucijskem boju za preživetje so virusi razvili proteine anti-CRISPR, ki preprečijo delovanje sistema CRISPR/Cas. Proteini anti-CRISPR so majhni proteini, ki so strukturno zelo raznoliki in imajo različne mehanizme delovanja. Proteini lahko preprečijo vstavitev zaporedja virusne DNA v bakterijski lokus CRISPR, izražanje genov cas, vezavo ribonukleoproteinskega kompleksa na tarčno DNA ali cepitev virusne DNA. V diplomskem delu sem predstavila strukturo in mehanizem delovanja proteinov anti-CRISPR, njihov evolucijski razvoj, metode, ki jih uporabljamo za odkrivanje novih inhibitorjev CRISPR/Cas aktivnosti in njihovo uporabo v biotehnologiji. Proteini anti-CRISPR nam v kombinaciji s sistemom CRISPR/Cas omogočajo časovno-prostorski nadzor izražanja genov, izboljšanje varnosti uporabe genske terapije in onesposodobitev endonukleazne aktivnosti za zmanjšanje možnosti pojava izventarčnih mutacij.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:anti-CRISPR, Acr, bakteriofagi, CRISPR/Cas, biotehnologija, mikrobiologija
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2019
Publisher:[E. Lavrenčič]
UDC:601.4:577.2:602.3:576.347:579.6(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:9363833 Link is opened in a new window
Views:311
Downloads:84
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Anti-CRISPR proteins in biotechnology
Abstract:
CRISPR/Cas is the prokaryotic adaptive immune system that protects bacteria and archaea against viruses and other mobile genetic elements. In the evolutionary arms race, viruses have evolved anti-CRISPR proteins that inhibit the CRISPR/Cas system. Anti-CRISPR proteins are small proteins with very diverse structures and mechanisms of action. Anti-CRISPR proteins can prevent the integration of the viral DNA sequence in the CRISPR locus, silence the expression of cas genes, prevent target binding of the ribonucleoprotein complex to the viral DNA, or prevent the nuclease activity of Cas endonuclease. Here, the structure, mechanisms of action, evolutionary origin, and methods for discovery of new anti-CRISPR proteins are described along with the development of anti-CRISPR based biotechnological tools. Anti-CRISPR proteins enable the spatiotemporal control of CRISPR/Cas activity and improve the safety of CRISPR/Cas applications by reducing the off-target effects.

Keywords:anti-CRISPR, Acr, bacteriophages, CRISPR/Cas, biotechnology, microbiology

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