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Priprava za pozicioniranje položaja stopala
Dejak, Jaka (Author), Kunc, Robert (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Žerovnik, Andrej (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Ortoze so polimerna, usnjena ali kovinska ortopedska pomagala, ki zagotavljajo stabilnost sklepu, pasivno raztezajo mehkotkivne strukture in zmanjšujejo mišični tonus. Ortoze za gleženj in stopalo so najpogosteje predpisane ortoze za spodnje ude. Uporabljamo jih pri osebah z različnimi okvarami in poškodbami spodnjih udov. Današnji način izdelave ortoz je precej dolgotrajen in zamuden. S pomočjo sodobnih tehnologij lahko zastareli način izdelave ortoz nadomestimo z boljšim sodobnim načinom. S pomočjo 3D-skeniranja je možno obliko in dimenzije noge analizirati ter oblikovati 3D-model noge, vendar ostaja odprto vprašanje, kako med skeniranjem noge vzdrževati pravilen položaj le-te in ne motiti 3D-skeniranja. Cilj te zaključne naloge je oblikovati držalo, ki bo fiksiralo pacientovo nogo med 3D-skeniranjem in omogočilo ortotiku, da jo namesti v pravilen položaj. Predstavljena sta dva koncepta za izdelavo držala, vsak s svojimi prednostmi in slabostmi. Čeprav ima koncept 2 nekaj prednosti pred konceptom 1, je pomanjkanje fiksacije pete v nevtralnem položaju prevladalo k njegovi neuporabnosti. Pa vendar, s predstavljenim teoretičnim ozadjem in idejno usmeritvijo, lahko zaključno delo porodi nadgradnjo ideje za držalo, ki bi omogočilo postavitev gležnja in stopala v funkcionalen položaj in tako pospešilo in izboljšalo proces izdelave ortoz.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ortoze, 3D-skeniranje, držala, gležnji, stopala
Work type:Final paper (mb12)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year:2019
Views:79
Downloads:27
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Preparation for foot position
Abstract:
Orthoses are polymer, leather or metal orthopedic aids that provide joint stability, passively strech soft tissue structures and reduce muscle tone. Ankle-foot orthosis is the most commonly prescribed kind of lower limb orthoses. Such orthoses are used for various lower limb impairments.Today's method of making an orthosis is quite long-lasting and time-consuming. With the help of modern technologies, the outdated way of making orthoses can be replaced with a better modern way. With 3D scanning, the shape and dimensions of the leg can be analyzed and the 3D model of the leg can be formed, but the question remains how to maintain the correct position of the leg while scanning the leg and not interfere with 3D scanning. The aim of this final theses is to design a holder that will fix the patient's leg during 3D scanning and allow the orthotic to position it in the correct position. Two concepts for making a holder are presented, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Although concept 2 has some advantages over concept 1, the lack of fixation of the heel in the neutral position outweighed its usability. However, with the theoretical background and conceptual orientation presented, the final theses can give the reader an upgrade of the idea of a holder that would allow the ankle and foot to be placed in a functional position, thus speeding up and improving the orthotic fabrication process itself.

Keywords:orthoses, 3D scanning, holders, ankles, feet

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