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Etika avtonomnih vozil
Feldi, Martika (Author), Komel, Mirt (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Avtonomna vozila so bila še nedavno del znanstvene fantastike in računalniških igric, zdaj pa kljub določenim etičnim polemikam postopoma postajajo resničnost. Kljub nespornim prednostim, ki jih bodo ta prinesla, pa se v zvezi z njimi vedno bolj izpostavljajo etični problemi, izvirajoči iz dejstva, da bo v nekaterih primerih naloga teh vozil, da v trenutku odločajo o življenju in smrti udeleženih v prometu. Z uporabo kvalitativne metodologije v magistrski nalogi izvedem opisovalno in razlagalno študijo primera, v kateri z vidika različnih avtorjev preučujem etične polemike avtonomnih vozil, s poudarkom na primeru pobeglega vagona. Namen naloge je prikazati in podrobno preučiti trenutne etične polemike in dognanja na temo avtonomnih vozil ter nakazati nujnost vključevanja etičnih študij, hkrati pa se posvetiti potrošniškemu in kulturnemu vidiku tega diskurza. V ta namen v prvem delu naloge preučim etične teorije ključnih avtorjev na primeru pobeglega vagona. V drugem delu naloge preučujem status avtonomnih vozil v popularni kulturi, v tretjem delu pa opravim pregled študij potrošnikov, ki se tičejo specifičnih etičnih vprašanj v zvezi z avtonomnimi vozili. V sklepu ugotavljam, da ni jasno, kakšna je pravilna etična rešitev problematike programiranja avtonomnih vozil oziroma če univerzalna rešitev sploh obstaja. Prav tako ugotavljam, da je reprezentacija avtonomnih vozil v popularni kulturi vdelana v javno zavest in kot taka oblikuje in hkrati odraža družbena pričakovanja do avtonomnih vozil. Nazadnje pa je razvidno tudi dejstvo, da potrošniki uvedbo avtonomnih vozil enačijo z izgubo nadzora in zato avtonomnim vozilom večinsko ne zaupajo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:etika, avtonomna vozila, primer pobeglega vagona, popularna kultura.
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:36334429 Link is opened in a new window
Views:103
Downloads:44
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles
Abstract:
Until recently autonomous vehicles have been a part of science fiction and computer games, however now, despite some specific ethic controversies, they are gradually becoming a reality. Despite the undeniable advantages that they will bring, ethical problems are arising from the fact that the task of these vehicles will in some cases be to instantly decide between life and death of traffic participants. In this master's thesis, I use qualitative descriptive and explanatory methodology to conduct a case study in which I examine different authors aspects of ethical dilemmas of autonomous vehicles, with the emphasis on the Trolley Problem. The purpose of this master's thesis is to showcase and examine current ethical dilemmas and findings on the topic of autonomous vehicles in detail and to indicate the necessity of incorporating ethical studies, as well as devoting to the consumer and cultural aspects of this discourse. For this purpose I examine the ethical theories of key authors with the example of the Trolley Problem in the first part of the thesis. In the second part I examine the status of autonomous vehicles in Popular culture and in the third part I do a review of consumer studies, that are concerned with specific ethical questions in relation to autonomous vehicles. In the conclusion I find that it is not clear what the right ethical solution to the programming problems of autonomous vehicles is, or if such a solution even exists. I also conclude that the representation of autonomous vehicles in popular culture is embedded in public consiousness and as such forms as well as reflects the social expectations of autonomous vehicles. Lastly, I conclude that consumers equate the introduction of autonomous vehicles with a loss of control and therefore do not trust autonomous vehicles for the most part.

Keywords:ethics, autonomous vehicles, trolley problem, popular culture.

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