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Izvori oblik in nazorov v arhitekturi katalonskega modernisme
Gabrič, Urška (Author), Vidrih, Rebeka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Diplomsko delo obravnava katalonsko arhitekturo s prehoda iz 19. v 20. stoletje, ki je usodno zaznamovala podobo pokrajine, zlasti njenega glavnega mesta, Barcelone. Stavbarska načela modernisma (kat. modernisme, šp. modernismo), vezana na sočasno novo umetnost v Evropi (art nouveau), so se med drugim naslanjala na principe gibanja Arts and Crafts. Glavne pobude so vzklile v teku industrijskega razvoja, v času intenzivnega narodnega prebujanja, katalonske renesanse. Oba dejavnika sta vplivala na inovativno gradnjo z močno simboliko v dekoraciji. Gotski in mavrski elementi so se pojavili kot simptomi zatekanja k že osvojenim konstrukcijskim rešitvam. Obenem so krepili počelo modernisme – iskanje nacionalnega izraza. V tem skupnem prizadevanju so se prepletla izhodišča arhitektov. Specifičen kulturnozgodovinski kontekst je botroval nastanku formalno raznolikih, a nazorsko sorodnih spomenikov. Nabor zgledov je v nalogi sproti predstavljen na primerih stavb vodilnih arhitektov: Antonia Gaudíja, Lluísa Dom?nech i Montanerja, Josepa Puig i Cadafalcha.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:katalonska arhitektura, fin-de-siecle, modernisme, art nouveau, nacionalizem
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:319
Downloads:159
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The origins of forms and conceptions in Catalan Modernista architecture
Abstract:
The diploma thesis deals with the Catalan architecture in the years around 1900 that vitally shaped the image of the region and its capital – the city of Barcelona. The constructional principles of the Modernisme movement (Catalan: Modernisme, Spanish: Modernismo), which were contemporary with Art Nouveau, correspond to the principles of the Arts and Crafts. The main initiatives grew from the industrial development in the times of intensifying nationalist movements and the Catalan Renaissance. Both factors contributed to innovative designs expressed by rich symbolic decorations. Gothic and Mudéjar elements appeared as a manifestation of the return of the already established constructional solutions. Simultaneously, the key element of the Modernisme movement – the search for national expression – grew in significance. These common endeavours united the architects in the core of their artistic expression. The aforementioned specific cultural-historical context constituted grounds for the rise of monuments that are formally dissimilar, yet united by their principles. Here, we comment them on the examples of buildings of the leading Catalan architects – Antoni Gaudí, Lluís Dom?nech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch.

Keywords:Catalan architecture, fin-de-siecle, Modernisme, Art Nouveau, nationalism

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