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Um kot uporništvo
Andolšek, Aljaž (Author), Toth, Cvetka (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V diplomski nalogi sem se ukvarjal s temo uporništva skozi zgodovino filozofije. Osredotočil sem se na dela Herberta Marcuseja, enega izmed ključnih avtorjev Frankfurtske šole ter miselnega pobudnika študentskih protestov tekom šestdesetih let prejšnjega stoletja. Marcuse je poenotil ključne koncepte Heglove in Marxove misli pod pojmom negativnega mišljenja, torej kako misliti nasprotja obstoječega reda ter dejanje, ki bo ta nasprotja-z namenom doseganja vsega potenciala človekove svobode- zavrnilo in odstranilo. Tematiziranje uporništva kot element družbenega procesa je prisotno že pri zgodnejših mislecih družbene teorije, zato sem v raziskavo vključil tudi teoretike družbene pogodbe: Hobbesa, Locka ter Rousseauja. V primerjavi teh dveh skupin avtorjev sem opazil, da le dialektična struja filozofije zagovarja uporništvo kot nujen element človekove uresničitve svobode v družbi. Vemo pa, da je bilo v preteklosti uporništvo nujno v uresničevanju tako demokratične kot tudi marksistične vizije svobode. Kot cilj sem si zadal najti konceptualne razlike med zgoraj navedenimi avtorji, ki bi podpirale zgoraj navedeno opažanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:upor, svoboda, dialektika, negacija, družbeni red
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2019
Views:288
Downloads:101
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Reason as revolt
Abstract:
In my bachelor thesis, I have dealt with the theme of revolt throughout the history of philosophy. I focused on the works of Herbert Marcuse, one of the essential authors of the Frankfurt school, and the intellectual founder of the student protests of the 1960’s. He unified the fundamental concepts of Marx and Hegel under the concept of negative thinking: how to think paradoxes and conflicts within the established order, and the act, which would refute and eliminate them, with the intention of further realising man’s potential for total freedom. However, revolt as an element of the social process has also been present in earlier social theorists, which is why I have also included the social contract theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau. What I have found in the comparison of these two groups of authors, is that only the dialectic branch of philosophy argues revolt as a necessary element towards achieving mans’ freedom in society. However, as history shows us, revolt was necessary in the realisation of the democratic as well as the Marxist visions of freedom. The intention of my thesis has been to find out the conceptual differences between these two groups of authors that would support the notion above.

Keywords:revolt, freedom, dialectics, negation, social order

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