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Povezanost gibalnih sposobnosti in telesnih značilnosti mlajših kategorij s tekmovalno uspešnostjo v posameznih disciplinah alpskega smučanja : magistrsko delo
Krejač, Klemen (Author), Lešnik, Blaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Majerič, Matej (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Namen magistrskega dela je predstaviti povezanost gibalnih sposobnosti in telesnih značilnosti mlajših kategorij z uspešnostjo v posameznih disciplinah alpskega smučanja. Vzorec merjencev sestavlja 54 tekmovalcev (28 deklic in 26 dečkov) alpskega smučanja, starih 15 in 16 let, iz kategorije U16. Vsi so bili kategorizirani športniki pri Smučarski zvezi Slovenije in so v sezoni 2018/2019 aktivno tekmovali v tekmovalnem sistemu za veliko nagrado Nordica Dobermann ter so pred začetkom tekmovalne sezone opravili testiranje gibalnih sposobnosti in telesnih značilnosti na Fakulteti za šport. Na podlagi rezultatov meritev devetih spremenljivk gibalnih sposobnosti in štirih spremenljivk telesnih značilnosti smo ugotavljali povezanost le-teh s tekmovalno uspešnostjo, ki smo jo vrednotili s številom zbranih točk v tekmovanjih posameznih disciplin alpskega smučanja za veliko nagrado Nordica Dobermann. Analiza pri dečkih kaže povezanost nekaterih gibalnih sposobnosti s tekmovalno uspešnostjo. Ugotovili smo, da je uspešnost v slalomu statistično značilno povezana s testi deseteroskok (p ≤ 0,05), osmice (p ≤ 0,05), zgibi v vesi (p ≤ 0,01) in višinski skok (p ≤ 0,01). V veleslalomu je povezanost statistično značilna v testih deseteroskok (p ≤ 0,05), tek na 400 m (p ≤ 0,05), ravnotežje (p ≤ 0,05), zgibi v vesi (p ≤ 0,01) in višinski skok (p ≤ 0,03). Pri analizi povezanosti telesnih značilnosti in uspešnosti pri dečkih nismo ugotovili statistično značilnih povezav. Z multiplo linearno regresijsko analizo prav tako nismo ugotovili nobenih povezanosti modela vseh devetih spremenljivk gibalnih sposobnosti in uspešnosti. Pri analizi modela vseh štirih telesnih značilnosti in uspešnosti pa je bila povezanost statistično značilna (p ≤ 0,05) v veleslalomu. Ugotovili smo tudi, da tekmovalno uspešnost dečkov v veleslalomu lahko iz spremenljivk telesnih značilnosti napovemo z 28 % verjetnostjo (R2 = 0,28). Pri deklicah smo ugotovili statistično značilno povezanost gibalnih sposobnostih in tekmovalne uspešnosti v testih deseteroskok (p ≤ 0,01), tek na 400 m (p ≤ 0,01) in zgibi v nadprijemu (p ≤ 0,05). Ugotovili smo, da je povezanost telesnih značilnosti in tekmovalne uspešnosti pri deklicah statistično značilna samo pri telesni višini (p ≤ 0,01). Pri analizi modela devetih gibalnih sposobnosti in uspešnosti z multiplo linearno regresijsko analizo nismo ugotovili statistično značilnih povezanosti. Nasprotno pa smo pri analizi modela štirih spremenljivk telesnih značilnosti in uspešnosti ugotovili statistično značilne povezave (p ≤ 0,05) v slalomu in superveleslalomu. Ugotovili smo, da lahko tekmovalno uspešnost deklic iz spremenljivk telesnih značilnosti v slalomu napovemo z 28 % verjetnostjo (R2 = 0,28), v superveleslalomu pa s 23 % verjetnostjo (R2 = 0,23). Glede na to, da z analizo podatkov nismo potrdili večje povezanosti gibalnih sposobnosti in telesnih značilnosti z uspešnostjo v posameznih disciplinah alpskega smučanja, sklepamo, da na uspešnost vplivajo nekatere druge dimenzije, ki jih v analizo nismo vključili. Pri interpretaciji podatkov moramo upoštevati tudi metodološke omejitve, saj je bil vzorec relativno majhen. Sklepamo, da bi v primeru večjega števila merjencev rezultati lahko pokazali večjo povezanost gibalnih sposobnosti in telesnih značilnosti z uspešnostjo. Za prihodnje raziskave predlagamo posodobitev in razširitev baterije spremenljivk za napovedovanje uspešnosti v alpskem smučanju ter preizkus v praksi, saj bi lahko na ta način bolj zagotovo vedeli, kaj so tiste spremenljivke, ki odločilno vplivajo na uspeh v alpskem smučanju in njegovih disciplinah.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:alpsko smučanje, gibalne sposobnosti, telesne značilnosti, tekmovalna uspešnost, šport otrok in mladine
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5587377 This link opens in a new window
Views:671
Downloads:294
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Connection of motor abilities and body characteristics of young categories with performance in individual disciplines in alpine skiing
Abstract:
The purpose of the master's thesis was to present the correlation between the motor abilities and physical characteristics of the younger categories with the performance in individual disciplines of alpine skiing. The sample consisted of 54 alpine skiing racers (28 girls and 26 boys) age 15 and 16 from the U16 category. They were all categorized athletes at the Slovenian Ski Association and had actively competed in the competition VN Nordica Dobermann in the season 2018/2019. Before the start of the competition season, they were all part of motor abilities and body characteristics tests at the Faculty of sport. Nine variables of motor abilities and four variables of body characteristics were selected. For competitive performance, the criterion was the number of points scored for the competition VN Nordica Dobermann, separated by discipline. Analysis in boys shows the correlation of some motor abilities with competitive performance. We found that performance in the slalom was statistically significantly correlated with the ten-jump (p ≤ 0.05), agility (p ≤ 0.05), pull-ups (p ≤ 0.01), and height jump (p ≤ 0.01). In the giant slalom, the correlation is statistically significant in the tests, ten-jump (p ≤ 0.05), running at 400 m (p ≤ 0.05), balance (p ≤ 0.05), pull-ups (p ≤ 0.01) and height jump (p ≤ 0.03). No statistically significant associations were found in the analysis of the association between physical characteristics and performance in boys. Multiple linear regression analysis also revealed no correlation between the model of all nine variables of motor ability and performance. In the analysis of the model of all four body characteristics and performance, however, the association was statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05) in the giant slalom. We also found that boys' competitive performance in giant slalom can be predicted from the variables of physical characteristics with a 28% probability (R2 = 0.28). In girls, we found a statistically significant correlation between exercise ability and competitive performance in the ten-jump test (p ≤ 0.01), running at 400 m (p ≤ 0.01), and pull-ups (p ≤ 0.05). We found that the correlation between physical characteristics and competitive performance in girls was statistically significant only at body height (p ≤ 0.01). No statistically significant correlations were found in the analysis of the association between the nine motion abilities model and the performance with multiple linear regression analysis. In contrast, when analysing the association between the model of four variables of body characteristics and performance, we found statistically significant associations (p ≤ 0.05) in slalom and super-giant slalom. We found that the competitive performance of girls from variables of body characteristics in slalom can be predicted with 28% probability (R2 = 0.28) and in super-giant slalom with 23% probability (R2 = 0.23). Considering that the analysis of the data did not confirm the greater correlation of motor abilities and body characteristics with the performance in individual disciplines of alpine skiing, we conclude that performance is influenced by some other dimensions, which were not included in the analysis. Methodological limitations must also be taken into account when interpreting the data, since the sample was relatively small. We conclude that, in the case of a larger number of skiers, the results could show a greater correlation of motor skills and body characteristics with performance. For future research, we suggest updating and expanding the battery of variables for alpine skiing performance prediction and practice testing, as this could give you more certainty about what are the variables that determine success in alpine skiing and its disciplines.

Keywords:alpine skiing, motor abilities, body characteristics, performance, sport for young

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