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Pravica do samoodločbe kot izziv za sodobno Evropo
Tankosić, Milorad (Author), Haček, Miro (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Ta teza bo obravnavala sodoben pomen pravice do samoodločbe in uresničevanje omenjene pravice, zlasti v okviru enostranske odcepitve. Najvidnejši primer te je bila enostransko razglašena neodvisnost Kosova od Srbije, ki se je zgodila februarja 2008. Glavni cilj teze je raziskati, ali ta dogodek lahko označimo kot prelomnico pravice do samoodločbe in kakšne učinke lahko ta primer nosi za Evropo v prihodnosti. Ključna ugotovitev te raziskave je, da je bil primer na Kosovu kar se tiče pravice do samoodločbe precedens z globokimi in dolgoročnimi posledicami, ki je že vzbudil in bo tudi v prihodnosti vzbudil veliko odcepitvenih gibanj znotraj Evrope. Druga ugotovitev je, da je uspeh enostranske izjave o neodvisnosti odvisen predvsem od odziva mednarodne skupnosti, ki bodisi novo ozemlje v njegovih prizadevanjih da postane država podpre, ali ne. Različne reakcije v podobnih situacijah potrjujejo, da je potrebno enotno pravilo, ki se ga naj uporablja za vse primere, brez dvojnih standardov in arbitrarnosti. Ta precedens bi lahko imel v prihodnosti resne posledice za Evropo. Če se bo ta trend „balkanizacije“ še naprej širil v Evropo, se bo zemljevid Evrope v naslednjih letih dramatično spremenil. To lahko privede ne samo do politične nestabilnosti, marveč tudi do oboroženih spopadov med odcepitvenimi gibanji in centralno oblastjo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:samoodločba, secesija, Evropa, Kosovo
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:36344413 Link is opened in a new window
Views:292
Downloads:129
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The right to self-determination as a challenge to modern Europe
Abstract:
This thesis will discuss the contemporary meaning of the right to self-determination and practicing of this right, particularly in the context of unilateral secession. The most prominent example of such claim was the unilaterally declared independence of Kosovo from Serbia in February 2008. The main goal of the thesis is to research if this event can be the turning point for the right to self-determination and what effects on Europe this precedent might have in the future. The key finding of the research is that the Kosovo case was a precedent with profound and long-term repercussions on the right to self-determination in general, and it raised, and will be raising many secessionist movements in Europe. Another finding is that the success of a unilateral declaration of independence mainly depends on the reaction of the international community which will, or will not support a new territory in its efforts to become a state. A different reaction in similar situations confirms that we need a uniformed rule applicable to all cases, without double standards and arbitrariness. This precedent could have serious repercussions on Europe in the future. If this trend of „balkanization“ continues spreading across Europe, the map of Europe will change dramatically in the following years, and it can lead not only to political instability, but also to armed conflict between secessionist movements and central authorities.

Keywords:self-determination, secessionism, Europe, Kosovo

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